Integrated Program against Desertification, Land Degradation, Drought and for Ecosystem Safeguard in Africa (IP_DLDD_ESA)

anyl4psd against desertification

The 2006 International Year on Deserts and Desertification provided an opportunity for the international community to better focus on an issue that represents an ongoing and creeping disaster: the loss of soil and fertile land. The International Geneva Symposium organized in April 2006 by Switzerland on the question of desertification, poverty and human rights highlighted the necessity of protecting land and soil to achieve the MDGs and protect human rights. Since then, the latest reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC that projects patterns of natural resources scarcity under scenarios of climate change grimly remind us that handling such issues with benign neglect shall no longer suffice.

Despite real advances in Cameroon and African Countries there has been little progress overall in reducing the number of victims of climate change and desertification leading to several consequences as food and water insecurity, migrations, unemployment and conflicts with negative impact on human health. The number of people suffering from hunger has increased every year since 1996, despite government commitments to halve hunger in international summits for food. Every five seconds, a child under 10 dies from hunger and malnutrition-related diseases.

Half of hungry people therefore depend for their survival on lands which are inherently poor and which may be becoming less fertile and less productive as a result of the impacts of repeated droughts, climate change and unsustainable land use. In Africa as in many regions of Cameroon a lot of productive lands are dryland. An important part of the population is predominantly rural, poor and more frequently subject to food crises. In some part of Cameroon and Africa, the overwhelming majority of the poor live in rural areas and poverty is deepest in the low rainfall areas. Land degradation also causes migration and intensifies conflict over resources, particularly between pastoral and farming communities.

Many of the ongoing conflicts and food crises are the result of the impact of serious drought, desertification and land degradation and rising conflict over deteriorating resources. In arid regions around, as the land becomes as hard as concrete and the wells dry up, thousands of families are forced to leave their villages. Deprived of their lands and their subsistence, families suffer from permanent unemployment, hunger and desperation. It is now estimated that there are thousands of “ecological refugees” or “environmental migrants” in Cameroun and millions in Africa. “Ecological refugees” or “environmental migrants” understood as people who have been forced to flee from their lands as a result of natural disasters, including floods, drought and desertification, and end up struggling to survive in the slums of the world’s megacities.

Desertification is a silent, invisible crisis that is destabilizing communities. As the effects of climate change undermine livelihoods, inter-ethnic clashes are breaking out within and across states and fragile states are turning to militarization to control the situation. The effects of desertification are increasingly felt globally as victims turn into refugees, internally displaced people and forced migrants or they turn to radicalization, extremism or resource-driven wars for survival. Local conflicts over water or land turned into civil wars, sexual violence or genocide

Land degradation in our countries is a problem that affects not only the drylands. About one third of all agricultural land is either highly or moderately degraded. If drylands are more vulnerable to natural and human destruction due to the small water containment in soil.
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More than 50% of the lands under agriculture are degraded. Millions hectares of productive land become barren each year due to desertification and drought alone. This constitutes a lost opportunity to produce a lot of tons of food. Agricultural yields are falling because of unchanged bad production practices.

Deforestation, chemical pollution and inappropriate land management which is compounded by recurrent severe droughts, lead to declining ground water supplies impacting agriculture, fishing and lead to disasters affecting the most women, youth, children, indigenous people and their communities and their business. Most African countries don’t have a national drought policy.

The Program will contribute to (i) achieving the United Nations Conventions on desertification, climate change, and therefore the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; (ii) improving the living conditions of affected populations; and (iii) enhancing ecosystems services

Deforestation, chemical pollution and inappropriate land management which is compounded by recurrent severe droughts, lead to declining ground water supplies impacting agriculture, fishing and lead to disasters affecting the most women, youth, children, indigenous people and their communities and their business. Most African countries don’t have a national drought policy.

The Program will contribute to (i) achieving the United Nations Conventions on desertification, climate change, and therefore the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; (ii) improving the living conditions of affected populations; and (iii) enhancing ecosystems services.

Program vision

Africa, a continent where land degradation/desertification trends are reversed and the effects of drought and climate variability mitigated, thereby contributing to sustainable development through the improvement of people’s livelihoods and economic well-being and the protection of the environment.

Program Mission

Contribute to the development and implementation of local, national and regional policies, programmes and measures to prevent, control and reverse desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought through scientific and technological excellence, raising public awareness, standard setting, advocacy and resource mobilization, thereby contributing to poverty reduction in Africa.

Program values

The principles and values of the program are defined as such:

  • Human beings in affected or threatened areas are at the center of concerns to combat desertification/land degradation, and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.
  • Desertification/land degradation, drought and Climate Change, are problems of global dimension and joint action is needed to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.

Program values

The principles and values of the program are defined as such:

  • Human beings in affected or threatened areas are at the center of concerns to combat desertification/land degradation, and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.
  • Desertification/land degradation, drought and Climate Change, are problems of global dimension and joint action is needed to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.

Program strategic objectives

Strategic objective 1: Improve living conditions of affected population and ensure food security in Africa 

Strategic objective 2:  Improve the condition of affected ecosystems including transboundary and/or shared ecosystems    

Strategic objective 3: Contribute to the establishment of efficient partnerships (in the area of transboundary and/or shared resources management between sub regional, national, local and international partners) speeding up global benefits through the implementation of UNCCD, UNFCC and the Biodiversity Convention at national and sub regional levels.

Program operational objectives: 

Operational objective 1.1: Actively influence relevant international, national and local processes and actors in adequately addressing desertification/land degradation and drought-related issues.

Operational objective 1.2: Efficiently contribute to the integration of DLDD issues in sub-regional and national priorities in Africa and influence the international community, regional and national stakeholders to address DLDD issues more efficiently.

Operational Objective 2: Support the creation of enabling environments for promoting solutions to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought.

Operational objective 3.1: Contribute to become the set-up of sub regional centers on scientific and technical knowledge pertaining to desertification/land degradation and mitigation of the effects of drought.

Operational objective 3.2: Strengthen the scientific foundations of Sustainable Land Management in Africa and establish an efficient system to strengthen capacities for managing DLDD-related knowledge in the sub region.

Operational objective 3.3: Work at creating in the sub region, a general environment conducive to finding sustainable and efficient solutions to combat desertification, land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought.

Operational objective 4.1: Identify and address capacity-building needs to prevent and reverse desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought.   

Operational objective 5.1: Mobilize and improve the targeting and coordination of national, bilateral and multilateral financial and technological resources in order to increase their impact and effectiveness.

Operational objective 5.2: Support financial and technological resources mobilization for the implementation of UNCCD, UNFCC and the Biodiversity Convention

Operational objective 5.3: Support the technical cooperation for the implementation of UNCCD, UNFCC and the Biodiversity Convention.

Program implementation framework

The Integrated Program against Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought and for Ecosystem Safeguard in Africa (IP_DLDD_ESA) is implemented through actions at national or sub-regional levels with the support of partners in accordance with national priorities and in a spirit of international solidarity and partnership including public–private partnerships, and innovative agreements. This program (whose activities consist in advocacy, cartoons, artwork, awareness raising, education, capacity building, design and development of innovative digitalized and automates tools, research and studies) intents:

  • With respect of the Regional Action Programs

Integrated water management

  • To contribute to the improved governance of shared water resources and improved management of water supply through the establishment of functional frameworks and the definition of modalities for the sustainable and fair use and observatory of water resources in the sub region.

Agro-forestry

  • To contribute to the setting of environment friendly strategies and decision making tools and initiatives for the prevention, management and the protection of plants, crops, trees and animals against pests and other pathogens.

Soil conservation

  • To build stakeholders’ capacity and knowledge on integrated soil management and strengthen political support and transparency for sustainable soil and landscape management.

Rangeland management

  • To contribute to the sustainable management of range resources to curb land and vegetation degradation through development and implementation of appropriate strategies for rehabilitation of lost rangeland resources and also by ensuring equitable access and participation of stakeholders in the sustainable development of rangeland resources.
  • To mobilize stakeholders for the achievement of sustainable development and management of rangeland resources for the enhanced biodiversity, optimum productivity and improved livelihoods of the present and future generations.

Ecological monitoring and early warning systems

  • To mobilize and strengthen local and national capacities in the formulation, implementation and monitoring of strategies related to climate information and prevision, prevention and control of disasters, drought and its risks, particularly food insecurity and natural resources degradation.

New and renewable energy sources and technologies

To increase the availability of new and renewable sources of energy and their accessibility by populations for sustainable development;

  • Contribute in the long term of the substitution of fuelwood and charcoal by other sources of energy.

Sustainable agricultural farming systems

  • To contribute to sustainably meeting the food needs of populations, to increase trade in agricultural, agri-food and forest products among Sahelian and coastal countries by achieving economic and social development and reducing poverty in Africa;
  • To contribute to the development of potentials for agricultural and agroforestry production and the improved competitively of production, processing and marketing channels of agricultural products in the sub region.

 

  • With respect to the convergence plans
  • To facilitate the delivery by local stakeholders (local authorities, farmers’ organizations, technical services and service providers) of their responsibilities within the framework of the decentralized management of forest and wildlife resources;
  • To promote the establishment and maintenance of a network of shared and/or transboundary protected areas (parks, reserves) and to develop a better management system;
  • To reduce conflicts related to the use of shared and/or transboundary pastoral resources and develop improved systems to manage these resources;
  • To promote the sound use of the shared and/or transboundary forest heritage ;
  • To preserve and soundly manage sensitive ecosystems resources (mangroves, wetlands and arid zones);
  • To streamline forest policies, laws and regulations, taking into account agro-ecological specificities;
  • To improve the securing and conservation of forest and wildlife resources and the living conditions of populations.

 

  • With regards to youth and women
  • To contribute to the integration of youth’s and women’s economic empowerment in Desertification, Land Degradation, Drought and Climate Change conventions implementation activities in order to eradicate their extreme poverty;
  • To strengthen women’s land rights and access to resources;
  • To enhance youth’s and women’s access to improved knowledge and technologies that relate to effective UNCCD and UNFCC implementation.

 

  • With respect to financial and non-financial resources:
  • To increase mobilization of financial and non-financial resources for the implementation of the Convention from international and domestic, public and private sources as well as from local communities, including non-traditional funding sources, and climate finance;
  • To take advantage of the opportunity to use desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change as a framework to enhance the coherence, effectiveness and multiple benefits of investments;
  • To improve the use of existing and/or innovative financial processes and institutions.
  • With respect to actions on the ground:
  • To support the creation of enabling environments to promoting the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification;
  • To develop scientific and technical knowledge pertaining to issues related desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change;
  • To identify and address capacity-building needs;
  • implement/encourage restoration and rehabilitation practices in order to assist victims;
  • To develop and operationalize risk management, monitoring and early warning systems and safety-net programs, as appropriate;
  • To raise awareness on issues related to desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change; 
  • To influence public policies to cope with issues related to desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change;
  • To establish systems for sharing information and knowledge and facilitate networking on best practices and approaches related to Land Degradation Neutrality;
  • To encourage cooperation to promote sustainable landscape management;
  • Organize training, workshops, seminar, discussion groups over issues related to desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change; 
  • To produce artwork, documentaries, television and radio shows on issues related to desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change;
  • To design and implement integrated projects to address the drivers and the negative consequences  of desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change targeting NGOs, farmers, women,  Scientifics ,community, youth and children, Indigenous Peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions.