Assessment of the level of consideration of Quality, Health, Safety and Environment (QHSE) aspects in an oil industry: case of SONARA

Author: EDIMO Zachée Désiré

ABSTRACT
The study carried out at SONARA during the period from July 2015 to October 2015 had as general objective to evaluate the level of taking into account the quality aspects, hygiene, safety and environment (QHSE) within the SONARA. The methodology used consisted of a documentary review on similar works of the same theme. Thereafter, investigations and questionaires which were related to the organization and the management of QHSE aspects were inflicted to the personnel according to the regulation in force. To facilitate understandings, weekly site visits were carried out for better observing the medium, detecting the risks related to each activity and the means set up to reduce / eliminate them. The results categorized according to the Ishikawa diagram show that; investigations carried out from the checklist, one counts seven (07) non conformities as regards the method and the medium. In the same way, three (03) non conformities result from the one and labour (01) of the matter. Thereafter, questionaires realized from 105 employees, show that 60 % of the workers had a good level of knowledge of QHSE aspects, 53 % of them have a good level of comprehension of this subject and 79 % of the personnel communicate better in the company. According to the activities carried out in the various work units, we numbered forty (40) risks with the weak accidents, twenty-three (23) of them had serious accidents and eighteen (18) had serious and critical accidents. To reduce/eliminate these risks, an action plan was establishes in order to allow a better integration of QHSE aspects. The application of the regulatory requirements in force, reinforce the capacities of the personnel on risks related to quality, hygiene, safety and environment and instauration of synergy between the personnel and the local populations on intervention strategies event of emergency which will be a better strategy to integrate QHSE aspects into the SONARA.

Key words: Quality-Hygiene-Safety-Environment, Risk, Management, Strategy, SONARA.

RESUME
L’étude menée à la SONARA (Société Nationale de Raffinage) durant la période de Juillet 2015 à Octobre 2015 avait pour objectif général d’évaluer le niveau de prise en compte des aspects Qualité, Hygiène, Sécurité et Environnement (QHSE) au sein de la SONARA. Dans cette optique la méthodologie utilisée a consisté à une revue documentaire sur l’ensemble des travaux ayant trait audit sujet. Par la suite, des enquêtes et des entretiens directs portant sur l’organisation et la gestion des aspects QHSE, ont été administrés au personnel en fonction de la règlementation en vigueur. Pour faciliter la compréhension, des descentes hebdomadaires sur le site ont été effectuées pour mieux observer le milieu, déceler les risques liés à chaque activité et les moyens mis en place pour les réduire / éliminer. Les résultats catégorisés à partir du diagramme d’Ishikawa suite aux enquêtes effectuées à base de la check-list ressortent sept (07) non conformités pour ce qui est de la méthode et du milieu. De même, trois (03) non conformités sont issus de la main d’oeuvre et une (01) de la matière. Ensuite, les entretiens réalisés auprès de 105 employés, démontrent que 60 % des travailleurs ont une bonne connaissance des aspects QHSE, 53 % d’entre eux ont un bon niveau de compréhension à ce sujet et 79 % du personnel communique mieux en entreprise. Cependant, sur cinquante-neuf (59) activités identifiées à la SONARA, on dénombre quatre-vingt-deux (82) risques auxquels font face le personnel. Les risques ayant des accidents faibles sont comptabilisés au nombre de quarante (40), ceux aux accidents potentiellement graves sont au nombre de vingt-trois (23) et les risques ayant des accidents graves et critiques sont au nombre de dix-huit (18). Pour réduire/éliminer ces risques un plan d’action a été établit afin de permettre une meilleure intégration des aspects QHSE. L’application des exigences règlementaires en vigueur, renforcer les capacités du personnel sur des risques liés à la qualité, hygiène, sécurité et environnement et instauration d’une synergie entre le personnel et les populations riveraines sur les stratégies d’intervention en cas de situation d’urgence seront une meilleure stratégie pour intégrer les aspects QHSE à la SONARA.

Mots clés : Qualité-Hygiène-Sécurité-Environnement, Risque, Gestion, Stratégie, SONARA.

Download Full Version (PDF)

Analysis of the environmental and social impacts of the project to build 1,300 social housing units in Olembé during its operational phase

Author: MENDOUGA ABANDA Victorine

ABSTRACT
The general objective of this survey is to count the potential impacts during the phase of exploitation of the project of construction of 1300 lodgings in Olembe.
To carry through this survey, a methodology to three phases has been adopted: the re looks documentary, the collection and the treatment of the data.
The gotten results show that the site of the project to a population estimated to 20 235 inhabitants. Two types of soil are present: soils red ferralitiques and soils hydro morphs; the climate is equatorial of Yaoundéen type. LEOPOLD’S matrix reveals of positive impacts (creation of employment, the development of the commercial activities, and the improvement of the setting of life…) and the negative impacts (pollution of air, soil and waters, the upsurge of the MST/SIDA, and the risks of accidents).
The analysis of these impacts permitted the development of an environmental and social management plan is proposed to assure the follow-up and the environmental surveillance of the project.

Key words: Environmental and social impact, Plane of environmental and social management (PGES), phase of exploitation, public housing.

RESUME
L’objectif général de cette étude est de recenser les impacts potentiels pendant la phase d’exploitation du projet de construction de 1300 logements à Olembé.
Pour mener à bien cette étude, une méthodologie à trois phases a été adoptée : la recherche documentaire, la collecte et le traitement des données.
Les résultats obtenus montrent que le site du projet à une population estimée à 20 235 habitants. Deux types de sol sont présents : les sols rouges ferralitiques et les sols hydro-morphes ; le climat est équatorial de type Yaoundéen. La matrice de LEOPOLD révèlent des d’impacts positifs (création d’emploi, le développement des activités commerciales, l’amélioration du cadre de vie…) et les impacts négatifs (pollution de l’air, du sol et des eaux, la recrudescence des MST/SIDA, et les risques d’accidents).
L’analyse de ces impacts a permis l’élaboration d’un plan de gestion environnementale et sociale est proposé pour assurer le suivi et la surveillance environnementale du projet.

Mots clés : Impact environnemental et social, Plan de gestion environnemental et social (PGES), phase d’exploitation, logements sociaux.

Download Full Version (PDF)

contribution to the evaluation of climate change in the South Region of Cameroon and its influence on road construction: case of Djoum – Mintom Congo border road

Author: NSOBIH Marie Lizzette Noel

ABSTRACT
This study of climate variation in the south region of Cameroon and its influence on road construction work, case of Djoum-Mintom Congo border road have as objective to evaluate the present climate trends in the south region with data from the Ebolowa weather station from 1960 t0 2010 and how this variation may influence the Djoum -Mintom road work
To achieve these objective rainfall data was collected from the Ebolowa weather station while daily and monthly soil excavation work report was collected from the enterprise. This was then finalist with field observation and questionnaires design for the road engineers and villagers in the project zone.
The result of this studies shows that the south region has an average of 1807 mm of rainfall in an average of 165 days. Two rainfall regimes were identify, the bimodal with four seasons. Two dry and two rainy season and occupies 88 % of the region climatic system. The trimodal with six seasons three dry and three rainy seasons and occupies 22 % of the region climatic system. Generally the south have four seasons, a short rainy season from March to June and a long rainy season from August to November. While the long dry season is from December to February and the short dry season from July to August. Despite this seasonal repetition, rainfall and extreme high temperatures are experience in all the months of the year within the 50 years study period, with constant seasonal displacement and compensation within the seasons. Generally they is a constant decrease in rainfall and number of days of rainfall but rainfall is decreasing faster than the number of days and the rainfall patterns are more or less irregular. This constant displacement of season makes it difficult for the road construction enterprise MNO VERVAT Cameroon to programme its activities. Soil excavation and concrete application are weather sensitive due to the unworkable nature of the soil with rain and the early cracking of concrete in intense rain or temperature.

Key word: Climate variation, Rainfall and number of days of rainfall, seasonal displacement. Soil excavation, concret pouring. Meteorological station.

RESUME
Cette étude sur la variation climatique dans la région du Sud Cameroun et son influence sur la construction de la route cas de la route Djoum _Mintom frontière Congo a pour objectif d ‘évaluer le mode présent du climat dans région du sud et son influence sur la construction de la route avec des données provenant de la station météorologique de Ebolowa de 1960 a 2010.
Pour attendre ces objectifs les donnes pluviométriques sont prises à la station météorologue d’Ebolowa et les comptes rendues mensuels et journaliers de terrassement de l’entreprise sont collectes. Ceci a été finalisée par la administration de questionnaire au niveau de l’entreprise et des aux autochtones dans la zone de projet et un descente de le terrain.
Le résultat de ces études montre que la région de sud a deux régimes saisonniers, la bimodal avec quatre saisons avec 88 % de régime et la tri modal avec six saisons et 22 % de régime de climat.
Généralement le sud a une petite saison de pluies ver Mars à Juin et un longue saison de pluies ver Aout à Novembre .Alors que la longue saison sèche va de Juillet à Aout .Malgré la répétition de saison la pluie et la haute température se sont expérimentées dans tous les mois de la année durant les 50 années qu’ ont mis l’étude ,avec une succession constante de saison et la compensation entre les saisons. Généralement il, y a une baisse de pluie et des nombre de jours de pluie, mais la pluie baisse plus que le nombre de jour de pluies. Le régime de pluies est plus ou moins irrégulier. Cette constante succession de saison ne rend pas la tâche facile à la société MNO VERVAT Cameroun de programmer leurs travaux. Le terrassement et le bitumage sont sensibles au climat car le sol mouille rend presque impossible le travail, et la pluie détruit le bitumage.

Mots clés: variation climatique, pluies, succession saisonal, sol mouille, terrassement, bitumage, station météoritique, donnes pluviométriques

Download Full Version (PDF)

Contribution to the study of the impacts of mining on sustainable development: case of the Ngoyla – Mintom forest

Author : BAMAMEN BISIL Hyacinthe Eric

ABSTRACT
The general objective of this work study is to identify the way permitting to make mining exploitation a source of development for the communities of Ngoyla Mint forestry massif.
To proceed to this study which took place from the 9 February to 23 July 2013, we have use a methodological procedure focused on three principle points: documentary collection, collect of field report and analyses and interpretation.
The results obtained permits to establish that the mining exploitation generates heavy environmental impacts. Divergence were equally observed between policies with the view of developing mining exploitation in the Ngoyla-Minton forestry massif, the planification and management of field, the attenuation of environmental impacts and the recognizing of community rights.
With view of the environmental impact that may result from mining exploitation and the incoherence observed among the different sectorial policies, the need to set up a national scheme for territorial a management, taking into consideration the economic, social and environmental factors an strategies are necessary .It seems in effect urgent to put in coherence the reglementation and legislation of this sectors so that national growth be matched up with durable development.

Keys words: Mining exploitation, legislation, impacts, development, Ngoyla-Mintom.

RESUME
L’objectif général de ce travail était d’identifier des pistes potentielles qui permettraient de faire de l’exploitation minière une source de développement pour les communautés du massif forestier de Ngoyla-Mintom.
Pour mener cette étude qui s’est déroulée de février à juillet 2013, nous avons utilisé une démarche méthodologique articulée autour de trois axes principaux : collecte documentaire, collecte de données de terrain et analyse et interprétation des données
Les résultats obtenus ont permis d’établir que l’exploitation minière est fortement génératrice d’impacts environnementaux. Les divergences ont également été constatées entre les politiques en vue du développement de l’exploitation minière dans le massif forestier Ngoyla-Mintom, la planification et la gestion des espaces, l’atténuation des impacts environnementaux, et la reconnaissance et protection des droits des communautés.
Au vu des impacts environnementaux susceptibles d’être générés par l’exploitation minière et les incohérences décelées entre les différentes politiques sectorielles, le besoin d’un schéma national d’aménagement du territoire prenant en considération à la fois les paramètres économiques, sociaux, environnementaux et stratégique est donc nécessaire. Il s’avère en effet urgent de mettre en cohérence les législations et réglementations de ces secteurs pour que les objectifs de croissance soient conciliés à ceux de développement durable.

Mots clés : Exploitation minière, législation, impacts, développement, Ngoyla-Mintom.

Download Full Version (PDF)

Evaluation of the management of the droppings droppings: case of the big farm of the GIC AECAM of MENDONG

Author: LEKEFACK Jean Paul

ABSTRACT
The general objective of this survey is to value the management of the droppings of hen’s in the hen houses of Yaoundé, in particular the one of Mendong.
The methodological gait adopted from the May 2013 to October 2014 consisted to interviews and the direct observations, of the semi-structured questionnaires, to experiences as the bed of drying constructs inside the farm of the GIC AECAM in Mendong. This methodology permitted to achieve the survey in three phases: the state of the places of the management of the droppings of hens; the fashion management of the droppings, the proposition of a system of management and a plan of environmental management of these garbage,
The gotten results permitted to raise that the insufficiency in resources materials 31%., human 17, the lack of sensitization 53% are the reasons first of the bad management of the garbage in the farm. For what is the perception of the system management of the droppings of hens by the staff and the users the results raise that only 38% of people interviewed among the staff and the users discern the management of the droppings of hens as being tolerable. On the other hand 10% find that the management of these garbage is good and 52% find it bad (toxicity, eutrophication, contamination of the receiving ponds, contamination and pollution of the underground tablecloths, propagation of the water illnesses of origin).
Within sight of the observations and reports made, an improvement of the system of management of the droppings of hens and the growth of the sensitization of the staff and users on the fashions of management of these garbage impose themselves, he/it would be indicated to purify them before their dismissal.

Key words. Droppings, hens, garbage, System of management.

RESUME
L’objectif général de cette étude est d’évaluer la gestion des fientes de poules pondeuses dans les poulaillers de Yaoundé, en particulier celui de Mendong.
La démarche méthodologique adoptée du Mai 2013 à Octobre 2014 a consisté à des entretiens et des observations directes, des questionnaires semi-structurés, à des expériences telles que le lit de séchage construit à l’intérieur de la ferme du GIC AECAM à Mendong. Cette méthodologie a permis de réaliser l’étude en trois phases : l’état des lieux de la gestion des fientes de poules ; le mode gestion des fientes, la proposition d’un système de gestion et d’un plan de gestion environnemental de ces déchets
Les résultats obtenus ont permis de relever que l’insuffisance en ressources matériels 31 %., humaines 17, le manque de sensibilisation 53 % sont les causes premières de la mauvaise gestion des déchets dans la ferme. Pour ce qui est de la perception du système gestion des fientes de poules par le personnel et les usagers les résultats relèvent que seulement 38 % des personnes interviewées parmi le personnel et les usagers perçoivent la gestion des fientes de poules comme étant passable. Par contre 10% trouvent que de la gestion de ces déchets est bonne et 52 % la trouve mauvaise (toxicité, eutrophisation, contamination des étangs récepteurs, contamination et pollution des nappes souterraines, propagation des maladies d’origine hydriques).
Au vu des observations et constats faites, une amélioration du système de gestion des fientes de poules et l’accroissement de la sensibilisation du personnel et des usagers sur les modes de gestion de ces déchets s’imposent, il serait indiqué de les épurer avant leur rejet.

Mots clés. Fientes, poules, déchets, Système de gestion.

Download Full Version (PDF)

Evaluation of the implementation of the concept of WASH (Water Sanitation and Hygiene) in schools: Case of some high schools in the city of Yaoundé

Author: NDENGUE GERMAIN Dieudonné

Abstract
In developing countries, when the objectives related to the WASH concept are attained the number of school days lost per year is estimated to be 1, 9 billion days. In the absence of water supply infrastructures, hand washing equipment and toilets in good states, diseases develop and spread rapidly, scholar milieu becomes a highly risky place for students and teachers. Research works done in some high schools in the town and Yaoundé permitted us to check the presence of the construction of these infrastructures. To achieve our objectives, we went to the field in the months of November 2015 and January 2016 permitted us to achieve discussion with 283 actors of WASH in the scholar milieu to make direct observation at last they permitted us to collect water and to evaluate their quality in the lab.
Results obtained shows that students are average per hall are 91, the ratio person/point of water are between 786 and 3826, a bacterial contamination of water between 9 and 344 UCF/ 100 ml. We obtained the ratio person/ latrine toilet is in between 171 and 1250, the teachers have no training, no didactics in WASH domain. At the end of this study, it results that many efforts must be done to ameliorate the WASH in our secondary schools.
Keys Word: Government highs school of Yaoundé, WASH.

Résumé
Dans les pays en développement quand les objectifs liés au concept WASH ne sont pas atteints, le nombre de jours d’école perdus par an est estimé à 1,9 milliard. En absence d’infrastructures d’approvisionnement en eau, de dispositif de lavage des mains et de toilettes en bon état, les maladies se développent et se propagent rapidement, le milieu scolaire devient un espace à haut risque pour les élèves et les enseignants. Le travail de recherche mené dans quelques lycées de la ville de Yaoundé a permis de vérifier l’opérationnalisation de la construction de ces infrastructures. Pour atteindre nos objectifs, les descentes sur le terrain entre les mois de Novembre 2015 et de Janvier 2016 ont permis de réaliser des entretiens avec 283 acteurs du WASH en milieu scolaire, de faire des observations directes.
Enfin elles ont permis de prélever les eaux et d’évaluer leurs qualités en laboratoire.
Les résultats obtenus montrent que la moyenne d’élèves par salle de classe est de 91, les ratios personnes/point d’eau sont compris entre 786 et 3826. En terme de qualité des eaux, une forte contamination bactériologiques des eaux allant de 9 à 344 UCF/100 ml. On a obtenu des ratios personnes/cabine latrine compris entre 171 et 1250, les enseignant n’ont ni formation, ni matériel didactique dans le domaine du WASH. Au terme de cette étude il ressort que plusieurs efforts devraient encore être menés pour améliorer le WASH dans nos lycées.
Mot clés : Lycées de la ville de Yaoundé, WASH.

Place of liquid sanitation in the Strategy Paper for Growth and Employment (DSCE): implications in the city of Yaoundé

Author: Auteur : TCHUISSEU NKOUTA Elvis Princy

Abstract

Liquid waste management is one of the problems suffered by the city of Yaounde. Thus, resolving issues related to sewage, septage and storm water has become a difficult equation for this city. It is in the context of how to achieve effective management of the above problems that a critical analysis of the DSCE has been made to identify the place of water restoration. It shows that water cleaning up is minimized in the DSCE. To overcome this situation, an update of DSCE by integrating the cross and inclusive sewerage becomes a necessity.

Key words: Water sanitation, Strategic planning

 

Resumé

La gestion des déchets liquides est l’un des problèmes majeurs que souffre la ville de Yaoundé. Ainsi, résoudre les questions liées aux eaux usées, aux boues de vidange et aux eaux pluviales est devenu une équation difficile pour cette ville. C’est dans le contexte de comprendre comment parvenir à une gestion efficace des problèmes susmentionnés qu’une analyse critique du DSCE a été faite afin de déceler la place qu’occupe l’assainissement liquide. Il en ressort que l’assainissement liquide est minimisé dans le DSCE. Pour pallier à cette situation, une actualisation du DSCE en y intégrant l’assainissement liquide transversal et inclusif devient une nécessité.

Mots clés : Assainissement liquide, Planification stratégique.

Action Program on Migration and Trafficking (AP_MIGT)

INTRODUCTION

In an era of rapid globalisation, human migration has reached unprecedented levels and is a defining feature of our times. Throughout its history, Cameroon and others African countries have experienced migratory movements, both voluntary and forced, which have contributed to its contemporary demographic landscape. In many parts of the continent, communities are spread across two or three nation-States, and movement is often not limited by political boundaries. Cross-border migration in Africa is an important livelihood and coping strategy during times of ecological and economic downturn is key to understanding, as well as forecasting, the onset and evolution of humanitarian disasters.

The global geo-political prominence of migration has greatly increased in recent times, as the world sees larger numbers of migrants than at any other time in history. The number of international migrants reached 244 million in 2015, a 41 per cent increase on the 2000 figure, whilst the number of international migrants from Africa reached 34 million, with nearly half of them being women.  Moreover, more people have been forcibly displaced than during, or any time since World War II, with figures reaching over 65 million by the end of 2015. These trends take shape against the backdrop of the growing securitizations of migration, the externalization of border control and increasingly restrictive migration policies, which have contributed to irregular migration. Global inequality, the lack of decent work, poverty, conflict, gender inequalities and discrimination, terrorism and climatic pressure continue to drive people to search for a better life abroad. Mixed flows, consisting of different types of migrants and asylum seekers that use the same migration routes and means, have been on the rise. As legal pathways for migration have diminished, migrants are falling prey to smugglers and human traffickers. Consequently the lack of legal pathways for migration has contributed to record numbers of deaths in the Mediterranean Sea, with more than 5,000 people losing their lives in 2016 alone. Reliable data on migrant deaths on other routes remain scanty, which means that even more people may be dying crossing the Red Sea and the Sahara Desert. These dynamics have strained and called into question the world’s refugee system, which is struggling to provide adequate protection to more than 21 million refugees. In addition, the notion of a growing migration “crisis” and international terrorism have led to policies that seek to deter migration and jeopardise the protection of the rights of migrant women and men.

The root causes of migration in Africa are numerous and inter-related. The push-pull framework provides insight into this complex web of factors. Lack of socio-economic opportunities and the rule of law, poor governance, patronage and corruption, political instability, conflict, terrorism and civil strife are major push factors. Pull factors include the real or perceived opportunities for a better life, higher income, improved security, and superior education and health care in countries of destination. The push-pull dynamic is intensified by a number of other factors that facilitate migration. These include the lower costs of migration; improved communication, especially social media and the internet; greater information availability; and the need to join relatives, families and friends. The movement of people – voluntary or forced, legal or undocumented, within or across borders – is a complex process that affects policy making in a wide range of areas.

Over the last decade, a salient trend in African migration has been the rise in irregular migration. Migrants use increasingly precarious routes, which render them vulnerable to abuse by smugglers and traffickers. Women and girls are particularly vulnerable to human trafficking, sexual and gender-based violence, and other risks. Moreover, States often view irregular migration through the prism of national security, which may lead to a generalization that all refugees and migrants are a potential security threat. This has contributed to the securitization of migration, including the reinforcement of border control, without due respect for migrants’ human rights.

Furthermore, corruption and harassment at borders in Africa remain a challenge, even in regions that are implementing free movement of persons regimes, and this too undermines the human rights of migrants. Migration management policies and practices should uphold the human rights of all migrants, while awareness raising on the rights and obligations of migrants should be provided, as well as migrant-friendly reporting and accountability mechanisms, that address abuse and the exploitation of migrants by security and law enforcement officials. Another major challenge in Africa is displaced populations, inter alia triggered by conflict, terrorism, and climatic pressure.

Migration is a global concern. It is the reason why the Global Compact on orderly and safe migration has been created under the auspice of the United Nations.  The Global Compact is the first-ever negotiated global framework on a common approach to international migration in all its dimensions.  However, other of the major challenges concerning migration management in Cameroon and Africa are related to less evidence based and the lack of comprehensive policies or plans to improve the lives of migrants and the communities in which they live, and the possibility to reduce dangerous, chaotic and irregular migration flows.

A lot of Cameroonians and Africans are not sufficiently aware of the consequences of irregular migrations and the conditions of regular migrations. There is a need to increase intrastate, interstates, continental and intercontinental partnerships.

PROGRAM IDEAS AND VALUES

This program is based on three major Ideas:

  • human beings  in affected / threatened ( whether in homeland or in host land)  are at the center of concerns joint action should be undertaken to ensure their rights, peace and security;

  • Migration governance; labour migration and Education; border governance; irregular migration; forced displacement, internal migration; migration and trade Desertification, drought, climate change, peacebuilding, corruption, transparency are concerns of global dimension and joint action is needed to cope with them;

The recognition that effective migration policies, and greater protection of the vulnerable, require the support of many actors. This requires the engagement of a broad alliance of partners, including civil society, the private sector, trade unions, diaspora and migrant communities, national human rights institutions, local authorities, youth networks and other actors.

PROGRAM PRINCIPLES

The Action Program Against Migration and Trafficking is based on a set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles:

  • People-centered: promoting the well-being of migrants and the members of communities in countries of origin, transit and destination
  • International cooperation: requiring international, regional and bilateral cooperation and dialogue. I
  • National sovereignty: sovereign right of States to determine their national migration policy and their prerogative to govern migration within their jurisdiction, in conformity with international law.
  • Rule of law and due process: State, public and private institutions and entities, as well as persons themselves are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international law.
  • Sustainable development: rooted in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and builds upon its recognition that migration is a multidimensional reality of major relevance for the sustainable development of countries of origin, transit and destination, which requires coherent and comprehensive responses
  • Human rights: based on international human rights law and upholds the principles of non-regression and non-discrimination
  • Gender-responsive: ensures that the human rights of women, men, girls and boys are respected at all stages of migration, their specific needs are properly understood and addressed and they are empowered as agents of change
  • Child-sensitive: promotes existing international legal obligations in relation to the rights of the child, and upholds the principle of the best interests of the child at all times, as a primary consideration in all situations concerning children in the context of international migration, including unaccompanied and separated children
  • Whole-of-government approach: considers that migration is a multidimensional reality that cannot be addressed by one government policy sector alone.
  • Whole-of-society approach: promotes broad multi-stakeholder partnerships to address migration in all its dimensions by including migrants, diasporas, local communities, civil society, academia, the private sector, parliamentarians, trade unions, National Human Rights Institutions, the media and other relevant stakeholders in migration governance

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED IMPACT

Strategic objective 1: To contribute to the establishment of conducive conditions that enable all migrants (Refugees, IDPs, returnees) and the society community to enrich mutually through their human, economic and social capacities, and thus facilitate their contributions to sustainable development at the local, national, regional and global levels consistent with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Africa.

Expected impact 1.1:Accurate and disaggregated data (as a basis) for evidence-based policies

Expected impact 1.2: Adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin minimized

Expected impact 1.3: Accessible accurate, transparent information disseminated to States, communities and migrants at all stages of migration.

Expected impact 1.4: All migrants profile documented

 Expected impact 1.5: Enhanced availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration

Expected impact 1.6: Fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work facilitated

Expected impact 1.7:  Vulnerabilities in migration addressed and reduced;

Expected impact 1.8: Lives saved and coordinated international efforts on missing migrants Expected impact 1.9:Strengthened transnational response to smuggling of migrants

Expected impact 1.10:Trafficking in persons in the context of international migration Prevented, combated and eradicated

Expected impact 1.11:Managed borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner

Expected impact 1.12: Strengthened certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral

Expected impact 1.13:Minimized migration detention and increased alternatives

Expected impact 1.14: Enhanced consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle

Expected impact 1.15:Increased access to basic services for migrants

Expected impact 1.16: Migrants and societies empowered to realize full inclusion and social cohesion

Expected impact 1.17: All forms of discrimination against migrants prohibited –improved evidence-based public discourse/perceptions of migration

Expected impact 1.18: Invest in skills development and facilitate mutual recognition of skills, qualifications and competences

Expected impact 1.19: Created conditions for migrants and diasporas to fully contribute to sustainable development in all countries

Expected impact 1.20: Faster, safer and cheaper transfer of remittances for economic inclusion of migrants

Expected impact 1.21: Improved/increased cooperation in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration

Expected impact 1.22: operational mechanisms for the portability of social security entitlements and earned benefits

Expected impact 1.23: Strengthened international cooperation and global partnerships for safe, orderly and regular migration.

Strategic objective 2: To mitigate, adapt to, and manage the effects of drought in order to improve the living conditions of migrants (refugees, IDPs and returnees) from conflict or climate and enhance their resilience to climate change.

Expected impact 2.1: Food security and adequate access to water for migrants are  improved.

Expected impact 2.2: The livelihoods of people in affected areas are improved and diversified.

Expected impact 2.3:  Migrants, especially women and youth, are empowered and participate in decision-making in general and particularly in land degradation neutrality

Expected impact 2.4: Migration forced by desertification and land degradation is substantially reduced

Expected impact 2.5:  Ecosystems’ vulnerability of migrants to drought is reduced, including through sustainable land and water management practices.

Expected impact 2.6: Communities’ resilience to drought is increased.

Expected impact 2.7:  Extensive efforts are implemented to promote technology transfer, especially on favorable terms and including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed, and to mobilize other non-financial resources.

 

 

Strategic objective 3: To mobilize stakeholders for the protection of migrants(refugees, IDPs and returnees), the eradication of torture, the assistance (psychological, juridical…) and rehabilitation of migrants, victims of torture and their family.

Expected result 3.1: Existing/updated/ operational policies and national plans related to issue of torture and ill-treatment (to eradicate them) and issue related to the protection denouncers of torture, the punishment of torture perpetrators,  the protection of migrants and their family;  the assistance (psychological, juridical…) and rehabilitation ofmigrants, victims of torture and their family;

Expected result 3.2:Enhanced understanding and capacity of key stakeholders of the process of the assistance (psychological, juridical…) and rehabilitation of migrants, victims of torture and their family.

Expected result 3.3: Migrants victim of torture regardless of their legal status access early to holistic sustainable quality specialized assistance (psychological, juridical…) and rehabilitation services

Expected result 3.4: Effective, candid long term dialogue and partnership (including experience sharing) between/among civil society, authorities, providers, rehabilitation centers and others key (national and international) stakeholders on the implementation of the right to rehabilitation, in particular with regard to national legislation and practices and training of medical staff

Expected result 3.5: Well established/operational partnerships with both grass-roots initiatives and rehabilitation centres; Operational programs of assistance to migrants, victims of torture and trafficking and their families (including specifically women, youth and children);

Expected result 3.6: Rehabilitation providers protected in their human rights defenders work;

Expected result 3.7: Proper procedures and structures for the protection of data and the evaluation of delivery of services by independent evaluators or auditors established and operational.

Strategic Objective 4: To contribute to the eradication of corruption, smuggling of migrants, drugs trafficking, (cyber) crime, and money laundry, illicit proliferation of Small Arms and Low Weapons within the migration chain

Expected impact 4.1: regional and international instruments on migration, corruption, smuggling of migrants, drugs trafficking, (cyber) crime, money laundry, illicit proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons internalized and effectively implemented.

Expected impact 4.2: Improved understanding and increased engagement of governments, civil society, NGOs, private sector, vulnerable and marginalized people (including women and youth) of the challenges of anti-corruption, anti-smuggling of migrants, anti-drugs trafficking,  anti-(cyber) crime, anti-money laundry,  proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons

Expected impact 4.3: Increased collaboration among governments, civil society, NGOs, private sector, vulnerable and marginalized people (including women and youth) in the fight against corruption, smuggling of migrants, drugs trafficking, (cyber) crime, money laundry, illicit proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons.

Expected impact 4.4: Strengthened inter-states cooperation in the fight against the financing or supply of armed terrorist groups, in the fight against corruption, smuggling of migrants, drugs trafficking,  (cyber) crime, money laundry,  illicit proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons through advocacy for the establishment of policies at African Union level and at country level to strengthen the marking of outer-manufactured weapons before their entry of African soil, so that they respect the rules of the African conventions on the fight against the illegal proliferation of arms.

Strategic objective 5: Contribute to the successful process of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of migrants from conflict in/out affected areas by violent extremism and radicalization

Expected impact 5.1: National stakeholders are able to maximize accurate weapons yields (based on the previous assessment; to explore incentives for handing in weapons; to avoid attaching a monetary value to weapons or ammunition; to ensure effective controls on weapons and ammunition registration, storage, management and destruction and to deal with longer-term weapons and ammunition control and reduction issues at both national and local levels (licensing, import/export, trafficking).

Expected impact 5.2: Sound and reliable mechanisms to ensure socio-economic profiles of participants to the DDR and the cantonment or decentralized processing arrangements; to deal with issue of amnesty for crimes and the needs of women and children associated with armed forces/groups , (including dependents); to providing transition assistance (insertion), information and referral services including repatriation, resettlement and transportation options.

Expected impact 5.3: National stakeholders develop (i) sound and reliable mechanism to determine reintegration opportunities and community absorption capacity (ii) relevant and sustainable reintegration programs with adequate facilities for vocational/professional training (iii) mixed reintegration/community development projects including, (iv) collaborative sensitization strategies community bases, (v) mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation. All giving attention to special migrants groups (women and children associated with armed forces and groups, youth, people with disabilities).

IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK

The Program will be implemented through actions at national or sub-regional levels with the support of partners in accordance with national priorities and in a spirit of international solidarity and partnership including public–private partnerships, and innovative agreements. This program (that activities will consist in advocacy, cartoons, artwork, awareness raising, education, capacity building, design and development of innovative digitalized and automates tools, research and studies) intents:

With respect to financial and non-financial resources:

  1. – Increase mobilization of financial and non-financial resources for the implementation of the Convention from international and domestic, public and private sources as well as from local communities, including non-traditional funding sources, and climate finance;
  2. – Take advantage of the opportunity to use Migration as a framework to enhance the coherence, effectiveness and multiple benefits of investments;
  3. – To improve the use of existing and/or innovative financial processes and institutions;

With respect to policy and planning:

  1. – Vulgarize the global compact for migrations instruments and tools;
  2. – Focus on psychological and juridical, socio economicrehabilitation  of migrants ( from conflicts) victims of torture and their family and migrants victims of climate change, desertification, land degradation and drought as well. This includes refugees and Internally Displaced Persons;
  3. – Focus on the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of migrants ( Refugees, IDPs) ex combatants;
  4. – Focus on the eradication of corruption, smuggling of migrants( Refugees, IDPs), drugs trafficking, (cyber) crime, money laundry, illicit proliferation of Small Arms and Low Weapons within the migration chain;
  5. – Influence the Development, implementation, revision and regularly monitoring, as appropriate, national, sub regional action programs and/or plans as effective tools for regular, orderly and safe migration as tool of development;
  6. – Influence the establishment of policies and enabling environments for promoting and implementing solutions for regular, orderly and safe migrations;
  7. – Contribute to leverage synergies and integrating the global Compact for Migrations, into national plans related to the other multilateral agreements or conventions and other international commitments as appropriate, within their respective mandates;

 

With respect to actions on the ground:

  1. – support the creation of enabling environments to promoting the global Compact for migrations;
  2. – develop scientific and technical knowledge pertaining to issues related to migrations
  3. – identify and address capacity-building needs to prevent irregular migration;
  4. – implement/encourage restoration and rehabilitation practices in order to assist victims;
  5. – develop and operationalize risk management, monitoring and early warning systems and safety-net programs, as appropriate;
  6. – raise awareness on issues related to migration;
  7. – establish systems for sharing information and knowledge and facilitate networking on best practices and approaches related to the management of migration flows;
  8. – encourage cooperation to promote reduce human rights violations and punish the perpetrators ;
  9. – organize training, workshops, seminar, discussion groups over issues related to migrations;
  10. – Produce artwork, documentaries, television and radio shows on issues related to migration and trafficking,
  11. – design and implement integrated projects to address the drivers and the negative consequences of (irregular) migration and human rights concerns targeting NGOs, farmers, women,  Scientifics ,community, youth and children, Indigenous Peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions.

Collaborative Transparency for Results (CT4R)

 CONTEXT

Cameroon and African Countries have enormous potentialities and resources that can enable them to be progress. But corruption is present in all sectors of the public and private life. Thus, the fight against corruption is among priorities of Cameroonian and African authorities as indicated in the strategic guideline documents related to poverty reduction, growth and employment strategy papers and regarding to their vision of development.
To tackle the phenomenon, many African countries have set down institutional and legal anti-corruption mechanisms and have adhere to regional and international anti-corruption and transparency conventions and processes like the African Union Convention on preventing and combatting corruption, the United Nations Conventions against Corruption (UNCAC), and the Kimberly Process relating to Transparency in Extractive Industries.
Despite all these instruments, the results so far in the fight against corruption remained mixed. The phenomenon still rampant and has become like a culture in many aspects of Cameroonian life.

Corruption is a cross-cutting issue that undermines the achievement of sustainable development agenda. Millions of Cameroonians and African suffer from hunger, poverty; do not have access to health and wellbeing, to an education of quality because of corruption. Corruption has a negative impact on gender equity. Sometimes, to have access to the same opportunities like men, girls and women are asked to give money for a certain position. Corruption hinders many African (especially minority, vulnerable people, to have access to water and energy at affordable price. Millions of African do not have a job or a decent job because of corruption. African industrialization delays because of corruption in investment and public market sector. Many vulnerable people including women and youth are deprived from their rights to land because of corruption. Corruption is one of the major causes of migration in Africa. Promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, providing access to justice for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels require tackling corruption. We can’t significantly reduce inequality within and among countries, make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable can, ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns, combat climate change and its impacts; protecting, restoring and promoting sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combating desertification, and halting and reversing land degradation and halting biodiversity loss. If measures are not addressed against corruption.

In many African countries a great majority of citizens (especially vulnerable people, young and women), public and private institutions are not yet fully aware of the challenges and the takes of anti-corruption.
Yet, it should be underlined that this scourge with damaging effects, if left to grow, is tantamount to dash all our hopes for prosperity and common happiness. If we do not act now, it might be too late tomorrow and our aspirations for welfare would be drowned if we fail in combating our common enemy that is corruption.
One of the reasons of the poor performance in anti-corruption is the scattering of efforts by multiple public and private organizations in a bid to curb the scourge. Indeed, in the anti-corruption actions carried out in by public and private sector institutions or Civil Society organizations, there is no synchronization in the implementation process. However, the creation of positive networks is one of the key factors to success in the fight against corruption.

PROJECT VISION

By 2030, thanks to the decisive contribution of children, young people, women and men, and the jointly synchronization among public, private sectors and civil society in implementing the United Nations Convention Against Corruption and African Convention on Preventing and Combatting Corruption, Cameroon and African countries are countries where integrity is an essential value for every citizen, with an economic growth based on the job well done, distributed equitably to ensure social welfare in a preserved environment consistent with 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED IMPACT

  • Strategic Objectives and expected impact

Strategic objective 1: To improve people understanding on corruption and extractive industries impact on sustainable development.

Expected impact 1.1: Ignorance and misunderstanding of people about the challenges and the impact of corruption in the achievement of sustainable development goals are reduced.

Expected Impact 1.2: Measures to improve fighting corruption are shared and debated

Expected Impact 1.3: Increased number of youths, women, and indigenous people trained on extractive Industries Transparency and anticorruption and access to related documentation.

Strategic objective 2: To increase countriesengagement towards anti-corruption

Expected impact 2.1 Increased number administrations, civil society organizations, companies and media integrate anticorruption in their strategy, functioning and culture.

Expected Impact 2.2: •     Increased synergy and coordination among public institutions, private sector, civil society and the media in the promotion, development and implementation of anti-corruption, transparency mechanisms and extractive industries transparency process

Expected Impact 2.3: National and sectorial action plans concerning anti-corruption (with their targets) are set by countries with the contribution of civil society and private sector; related measures are identified and implemented (following the strategic axis of prevention, Education, Conditions, Incentives, and sanctions), with a necessary inclusive monitoring system is established and effective.

Expected Impact 2.4: Governments,private sector, civil society and citizen (especially women, children, youth and other minority groups) individually and collectively monitor countries progress in achieving anti-corruption/extractive industries transparency initiative action plans and strategies.

Expected Impact 2.5: Revised and adapted anticorruption, transparency (including in extractive industries) frameworks; reduced bad practices and whistleblowers violations.

Strategic objective 3: To improve living conditions of populations (especially affected populations: vulnerable/minority people, women, youth, children, and indigenous people)

Expected impact 3.1:  Transparency and accountability improved in the management of public affairs in all sectors of national life especially in the public investment budget, public markets, finance, Education, Agriculture, extractive industries, water and energy, and forest and land governance and decentralization

Expected impact 3.2Localpeople, especially women and youth, are empowered and participate in decision-making processes in fighting corruption, monitor the public action and denounce bad practices.

Expected impact 3.2The livelihoods and living conditions of populations especially vulnerable/minority people (women, youth, children, and indigenous people) are improved /and diversified.

Children for Peace (C4P)

Children are growing up in an era of unprecedented global interconnection and innovation. Many millions enjoy a quality of life never imagined by previous generations. Out of the spotlight, many others have been left behind by the rapid development. Whether they have benefited from or missed out on recent global transformations, all children are grappling with economic shocks and new threats to health, environment, security and political stability that have arisen as the world has changed. Children held back by poverty, sickness, terrorism, violence and abuse, lack of an education, water and sanitation, lack of energy, malnutrition, inequality, gender equality, armed conflict or natural disasters, are denied a fair chance in life. Deprivation and unequal opportunity prevent them from achieving their goals and taking full part in the life of their communities and the world.

According to Kidsrights index 2017 (the annual global index which ranks how countries members of UN, adhere to and are equipped to improve children’s rights, there are a lot to do for African countries as well as other countries to improve Children rights in the domain of Life, Heath, Education, Protection and Environment. Concerning especially Cameroon, the country occupies the 134 rang/165 countries with a score of 0,507/1 articulated such : Right to Life (0,403/1), right to Health (0,598/1), right to Education (0,535/1), right to Protection (0,362/1) and right to enabling Environment for Child Rights (0,714/1).

In many parts of Africa, Children are victims of drought; land degradation, desertification and climate change negatively impacting their future. The security crisis Cameroon and many African countries encounter a negative impact on children rights.  Conflicts force thousands of people live their homes. Countless numbers of children have been abducted, abused and forcibly recruited to accomplish inhuman acts. Girls have been targeted for particularly horrific abuse, including sexual enslavement. Villages and towns are looted and destroyed. Schools have been attacked. Conflicts are exacting a heavy toll on children, affecting not just their well-being and their safety but also their access to basic health, education and social services. Children are experiencing immense suffering. Many have seen parents, siblings, relatives or neighbors killed, tortured or abducted by terrorist groups or in rebellions. Many have had to run for their lives and walk for days to reach safety. Alarming rates of malnutrition have been observed in the areas worst affected by crisis. In some refugee and displaced camps in many countries in Africa, screenings among newly arrived children reveal global acute malnutrition rates of more than18 %, which is above the emergency threshold of 15%.

Conflicts weigh heavily on children, affecting not only their well-being and security but also their access to health, education and basic social services. Countless children, women and men have been abducted, abused and forcibly recruited, and women and girls have been the targets of particularly horrendous abuse, including sexual slavery.

Villages and schools were looted and destroyed. Children are exposed to a number of public health problems due to early marriage as a broader phenomenon with painful consequences for girls. Those who marry as children have fewer years of schooling than their peers who marry as adults, raising concerns about long-term social and economic prospects. Most of the health issues surrounding child marriage are related to the reproductive and maternal health of women. Young married women also have higher rates of HIV infection than their unmarried sexually active counterparts.

When talking about sustainable development Goals, children are sometimes forgotten while all goals are relevant to children’s lives.  If Cameroon’s and African’s Governments have ratified several United Nations conventions and resolutions on children, and introduced them in their legislations, there still many obstacles in implementation of these dispositions due to insufficient political will, ignorance of children and communities of Children rights. Upholding these rights requires knowledge of the geographic distribution of matters affecting children and the effectiveness of policies that aim to tackle these violations.

PROGRAM IDEAS AND VALUES

his program is based on two major ideas:

  • – Children in affected or threatened areas are at the center of concerns for peacebuilding, to combat desertification/land degradation, and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.
  • – Conflicts, desertification/land degradation, drought and Climate Change, are problems of global dimension and joint action of the international community is needed to build peace, combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.

To give a concrete meaning to these ideas, three principles are the core of this program:

  1. 1- First, African States have the primary role in promoting good governance, peacebuilding, children rights, combating desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.
  2. 2- Second, it is essential to ensure the participation of NGOs, CSO, women,  Scientifics community, youth and children, Indigenous Peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions in the elaboration, implementation and monitoring of national and local programs for children rights, combating desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.
  3. 3- Third, developed States must actively support, individually or jointly, the efforts of African developing and least developing countries, to promote children rights, good governance, combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.

Program vision

Living conditions are improved in Cameroon and in Africa thanks to the recognition of children rights by all sectors of national, regional and international life, the implementation of the United Nations convention for children rights by Governments and the active participation of children in governance, peacebuilding and environment protection consistent with 2030 agenda for sustainable development.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED IMPACT

The following “strategic objectives” will guide the actions of ANYL4PSD in the period 2018–2030. Meeting these long-term objectives will contribute to achieving the above-mentioned vision.

Strategic Objective 1: To improve people understanding (especially vulnerable/marginalize children) on Children rights, sustainable development goals and their challenges
Expected impact 1.1:Ignorance and misunderstanding of people (especially vulnerable/marginalize children) about children rights, global Goals and their challenges are reduced
Expected Impact 1.2: Measures to strengthen the respect of children rights and to achieve sustainable development goals are shared and debated

Strategic objective 2: To increase countries engagement towards Children rights and sustainable Development Goals 
Expected Impact 2.1: Governments, Citizen and companies’ engagement and synergy towards children rights and sustainable Development Goals are increased
Expected Impact 2.2:National voluntarily targets concerning children rights and sustainable development goals are set by countries, related measures are identified and implemented, necessary monitoring system is established
Expected Impact 2.3: Governments, Citizen especially women, children, youth and other minority groups monitor individually and collectively countries progress in achieving sustainable Development Goals

Strategic objective 3: To improve policies and the living conditions of children and their family especially vulnerable/minority children
Expected impact 3.1: Countries policies are improved relatively to children rights
Expected impact 3.2:The livelihoods of children parents (especially affected/vulnerable/minority) are improved and diversified
Expected impact 3.3: Children (especially affected/vulnerable/minority children) are empowered and participate in decision-making processes in achieving sustainable Development Goals and combatting DLDD
Expected impact 3.4: Migration of children and their family forced by disasters, desertification and land degradation is substantially reduced.

Strategic objective 4: To mitigate, adapt to, and manage the effects of drought and climate change in order to enhance resilience of vulnerable children and their family
Expected impact 4.1:Ecosystems’ vulnerability to drought and climate change is reduced, including through sustainable land and water management practices.
Expected impact 4.2:Communities’ resilience to drought and climate change is increased.

Strategic objective 5To generate global environmental and health and security benefits through effective implementation of United Nations Convention (relating to peace, environment and children rights) ratified for the sake of children

Expected impact 5.1 Sustainable land management and the combat against DLDD contribute to the conservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity and addressing climate change.

Expected impact 5.2 Children and stakeholder’s mobilization against violent extremism and radicalization contribute to the reduction of 80% of children and young soldiers and their successful social reintegration.

Expected impact 5.3 Synergies with other multilateral environmental and health agreements and processes are enhanced.

Strategic objective 6: To mobilize substantial and additional financial and non-financial resources to support the implementation of united conventions by building effective partnerships at global and national level for the sake of children  
Expected impact 6.1 Adequate and timely public and private financial resources are further mobilized towards sustainable Development Goals and made available to affected country/areas, including through domestic resource mobilization.
Expected impact 6.2 International support is provided for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building and “on-the-ground interventions” in affected country to support children rights, the implementation of the UNCCD Convention and others united Nations conventions, including through North–South, South– South and triangular cooperation.

IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK

  1. 1- The Program will be implemented through actions at national, sub-regional and continental levels with the support of partners in accordance with national priorities and in a spirit of international solidarity and partnership including public–private partnerships, and innovative agreements. This program intends to be implemented relatively to the following areas: Preventing and countering violent Extremism; Disarmament, Demobilization and reintegration;Policy and Advocacy, raising awareness, Capacity Building, Cartoon (animation, comic, and sensitization); Children and Youth Action, and Knowledge.

  1. 2- The UN Security Council resolutions 2250 and 1325, the United Nations conventions on Children Rights, the UNCCD, the Sendaï framework DRR and the New Urban Agenda will be the main legal frames of the program. A particular accent is put on children migration and trafficking.

  1. 3- Concerning agenda 2030 agenda which is intended to be universal and transformative, and change of our trajectory towards sustainability, the program will make a priority in SDGs 1,2,3,5,9,14, 15 and 16 by considering that:
  • – The key to tackling multidimensional poverty and achieving SDG 1 lies in the shift from the neoliberal economic paradigm that pursues profit and growth over people and planet. Multidimensional poverty, understood as a scourge on our planet, requires an end to crippling austerity policies globally, the active implementation of a universal basic income and caps on maximum income.
  • – SDG 2 must be understood in the context of food sovereignty, to liberate marginalized communities from their state of external dependence for their own sustenance. Moreover, the aggressive corporatization of genetic resources and biodiversity must be reversed in line with a sovereignty-focused understanding of SDG 2;
  • – The changing context of the national and global health landscape needs to be well incorporated in policies focused on SDG 3, in order to adequately address emerging issues like antimicrobial resistance, infectious pandemics, and the shifting burden to non-communicable diseases that threaten progress on health gains. Additionally, the trend of increasing industry influence and harsher structural barriers through a more stringent intellectual properties rights regime needs to be reversed;
  • – Certain countries still do not recognize women as constitutionally equal to men. The empowerment of girls and women, and the achievement of SDG 5 require holistic legislative and societal changes, catalyzed by targeted state efforts and the inclusion of men and boys in the effort. These include overcoming social, economic, cultural and political barriers that seek to control the bodily autonomy of women, their economic mobility and social participation, while imposing a gender binary view on the society;
  • – Infrastructure development should take a regional approach and take into account the needs of different types of territories- urban and non-urban, after community driven assessments of social, economic and ecological impact;
    To adequately address the complex sustainability challenges of oceans- A planetary boundary, we need an ethic of evidence based stewardship and work towards a global treaty on oceans and plastics, while addressing issues of extraterritorial overfishing threatening biodiversity and the sustenance of populations dependent on oceans
  • – The success of 2030 Agenda requires greater integration and coherence of the various universally adopted sustainable development frameworks. Some of these include the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the New Urban Agenda, the 10 Year Framework of Programs on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, and the Paris Agreement. These must be understood as part of a larger international effort towards the universally applicable sustainable;
  • – National and international policies should seek to align macroeconomic frameworks with the three dimensions of sustainable development. Concrete initiatives like UNEP’s Ecological Risk Integration into Sovereign Credit (E-RISC), and Ecological Tax Reform (ETR) should be expanded and applied universally, in addition to addressing stranded assets and the transition from fractional to full reserve banking, as a step towards operationalizing a framework that views the economy as a subset of the environment and society;
  • – We need to apply a science policy interface that seeks the appropriate use of sensible data, while applying context specific technology and purpose driven innovation in synchrony with indigenous knowledge;
  • – United Nations should convene a process to classify ecocide as a crime against humanity;
  • – In order to achieve rights based participation modalities that ensure protected spaces for critical segments of society, Children and Young People should be formally engaged in all stages and levels of sustainable development policy.