Young and women Social Entrepreneurs

CONTEXT

High rates of youth and women unemployment represent a wasted resource. Poor youth labor market participation limits the inputs available for urgently needed growth and makes it harder for Cameroon and others developing countries to realize the benefits of labor-intensive growth strategies. Cameroon like other African countries passes through a unique demographic “window” where the youth population is maximized before birth rates begin to fall toward a more “developed economy” pattern – their success or failure in realizing the economic potential of young people during this “low dependency ratio” period can make the difference between sustained and faltering long-term development. (Dhillon and Yousef, Inclusion: Meeting the 100 Million Youth Challenge, 2007).

African youths face a number of problems such as:

  • Exposure to radicalization and extremism
  • Inadequate access to basic education
  • Lack of access to credit and micro-finance facilities.
  • Inadequate entrepreneurship skills
  • Inadequate training opportunities for school drop-outs and out of school youths.
  • Low agricultural crop production and hence low earning from the agricultural sector.
  • High prevalence of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS.
  • Early marriage resulting in teenage pregnancy, unwanted pregnancy and a high population growth rate.

It is widely contended that these problems can be attributed to lack of information, education, guidance and inappropriate training and counseling on related issues. This combination of factors have immensely contributed to the high rate of unemployment amongst youth in African countries thus rendering youth more vulnerable to poverty, rural exodus, emigrations and HIV/AIDS resulting in loss of life.

It is also important to note that a lot of efforts have been made by the governments towards addressing the above compounding problems. Despite these numerous interventions the gaps are still there which needs to be filled.

Program objectives

The objective of the program is to contribute to countries economic development by creating sustainable livelihoods for the youths and encouraging the emergence of youth and women’s MSMEs, especially in the agricultural and services value chains.

Its specific objective is to increase the opportunities for creating jobs and generating sustainable incomes for the youth and women. The program intends to create an environment that fosters the emergence, structuring and professionalization of entrepreneurship for rural and semi-urban youth and women, making it conducive to job and wealth creation.

PROGRAM MAIN COMPONENTS:

  1. Promotion of youth and women’s entrepreneurship in rural and semi urban areas.

This component entails developing youth and women’s skills through training leading to specific qualifications, and skill upgrading and facilitation of  self-employment through projects with high valued-added. The main areas of activity are: project identification and selection; project formulation and capacity-building support; consolidation of agro pastoral vocational training through rehabilitation of training centres; construction and reinforcement of business incubators, thus increasing job and income creation opportunities and, lastly, technical and managerial capacity-building for entrepreneurs (coaching).

  1. Technological infrastructure to support MSMEs 

This will entail creating technological and logistical environment in the project area that makes it possible to raise productivity in order to encourage the emergence and monitoring of MSMEs and create permanent jobs for the youth and women. This component will also contribute to setting up an employment information system and a market information system. Technological infrastructure contribute to vocational training and professional capacity-building for young project proponent

  1. Financing mechanism accessible to the youth and women.

This mechanism aims at increasing beneficiaries’ access to financing from local financial institutions by essentially tackling the following major obstacles identified: exorbitant lending rates, difficulties in providing guarantees and mandatory personal contributions. It is expected that MSME will be financed through loans.

PROGRAM EXPECTED RESULTS AND IMPACTS

As part of our mission, we engage young people by building their capacities in the domain of job creation through entrepreneurship and business development while focusing in the most innovative approach. We strive to instill in them the spirit or culture of entrepreneurship hence change their mind-set from how do I get a job to how do I create decent jobs.

Promoting human resources as the engine of economic and social development will entail designing and implementing vocational training and entrepreneurship programs and also establishing business incubators and an adequate mechanism to provide financial support to youth and women entrepreneurs.

The expected results of the program are:

The development of the agriculture, poultry and aquaculture value chains in order to enhance the outputs and specific potential of the

  • elected areas, thus increasing employment and income creation opportunities.
  • The agricultural/fishery value chain approach covers several aspects of pre-production (factors of production; animal, plant and fishery production) and post-production (processing of agricultural/fishery products, product labeling, marketing and market access).
  • Handicrafts are also included through the creation of Incubation of green centres for wood and aluminum work, construction and public works, and mechanic work respectful of environment.

Sustainable Development Goals Caravan “SDGs_Caravan”

CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION

In many cities, inequality is increasing and persistent discrimination limits women and girls to have access to opportunities. Hundreds of women have been driven from their homes. Many communities are facing famine, extreme weather events, poorly managed urbanization, early marriage and childbirth, population growth, water scarcity, armed conflict, gender-based violence, ethnic discrimination, religious or political and increasing violent extremism. At the international level, series of historic agreements were concluded in 2015 – the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the UN Climate Change Action Program and Addis Ababa third International Conference on Financing for Development – A Better Future-.
These efforts were complemented by the peace resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the Security Council (Assembly resolution 70/262 and Council resolution 2282 (2016)), as well as the new way of working in emergency and crisis situations. These comprehensive and interdependent agreements, which transcend the pillars of peace, development and human rights of the United Nations, provide a clear roadmap for Member States (African in particular) and the United Nations system.

Universal in its coverage, the 2030 Agenda applies to all countries and commits the international community to leave no one behind. The achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals will improve the lives of all, prevent natural and man-made crises and lay a solid foundation for human rights, stability, prosperity and peace in all communities. Addressing DLDD will involve long-term integrated strategies that simultaneously focus on the improved productivity of land and the rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of land and water resources.
There is a need for states to develop new capabilities and transform working methods to enable more societal responses. There is a need to respond to all of the development challenges of our time, as set out in the 2030 Agenda. It requires greater accountability, greater transparency and control, and calls for greater coherence at all levels, especially through a reinvigorated resident coordinator system.
Conceptually, Global goals ambition requires a “whole-of-government” approach. The current development landscape presents an inspiring range of new actors. Powerful national forces, covering all levels: government, civil society, academia, the scientific community and the private sector, from microenterprises to multinationals, need to come together to fight poverty. This reflects the underlying vision of the global partnership in the 2030 Agenda – where governments, the private sector, civil society and the United Nations work together to mobilize all available resources, which can be a potential asset.
But to realize the promise of a prosperous and peaceful future, these development actors have to find new ways to work together and leverage genuine partnerships that make the most of the expertise, technology and resources for growth sustainable and inclusive.

The rapid evolution of alternative forms of development cooperation, including the intensification of South-South cooperation to achieve the goals. By promising to leave no one behind, the 2030 Agenda calls for multi-stakeholder collaboration among policymakers, development practitioners and multilateral agencies to ensure that everyone is aware of the existence and substance of the program sustainable development agenda and included in the process of its implementation.

After having made interviews with young leaders in Cameroon an in some African States like Niger, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Comoros Islands, Senegal, Nigeria, Gabon and Morocco, it appears that young people and children feel themselves not very included by Governments in the implementation of sustainable development agenda. Several initiatives put in place by Governments, remain barely visible and known by young people, whose levels of membership remain relatively weak because they do not have the assurance that their aspirations are sufficiently taken into account. There is not a real discussion among vulnerable people, states, civil society, international organizations and the United Nations agencies on sustainable development agenda.

Sustainable development Agenda has been adopted by Government but is still not known by young people, the private sector and many stakeholders who do not always play their role in the implementation. There are young people (even from vulnerable/minority groups) who are doing a great job towards achieving the sustainable development goals. But their initiatives are still not well- known, not supported by Governments, NGOs and private sector. There are very few opportunities for discussion between youths and other stakeholders on the sustainable development agenda.

VISION AND OVERALL GOAL

Vision
By 2030, by contributing to the realization of the United Nations vision and the sustainable development agenda, African states have a growing economy and abundant biodiversity in a secure, democratic, peaceful and respectful human rights space for the well-being of the people thanks to the strengthened capacities of the actors, the stakeholders, the communities and to the concerted and participative management “.
Overall Goal 
To enhancing multi-stakeholders (Governments, NGOs, farmers, Scientifics, community, youth and children, women, Indigenous Peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions) participation and involvement in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by reducing ignorance on the 2030 Agenda.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED IMPACT

The following “strategic objectives” will guide the actions of ANYL4PSD by 2030. Meeting these long-term objectives will contribute to achieving the above-mentioned vision.

Strategic objective 1: To increase countries engagement towards sustainable development goals 
Expected impact 1.1: vulnerable people (young, women, refugees…), civil society, private sector, media and Government understanding on sustainable development goals strengthened
Expected impact 1.2: Increased number of peer educators on sustainable development goals, increased number of person sensitized yearly on the challenges of sustainable development agenda;
Expected Impact 1.3: Joint evaluation of the achievement of sustainable development goals by vulnerable people (young, women, refugees…), civil society, private sector, media and Government
Expected Impact 1.4: Governments, civil society, media, private sectors, vulnerable people learn from each other experience and the existing opportunities on sustainable development Goals;
Expected Impact 1.5: Measures to enhance the achievement of sustainable development goals are discussed by vulnerable people (young, women, refugees…), civil society, private sector, media and Governments;

Strategic objective 2: To valorize/encourage the potential and the contribution of young people and communities in the elaboration and the implementation of innovating solution to foster sustainable development agenda. 
Expected Impact 2.1: Increased technological transfer in favor of vulnerable people, especially young, women and indigenous people
Expected Impact 2.2: Increased innovations in all social sectors in favor of sustainable development agenda.
Expected Impact 2.3: vulnerable people awarded for their innovative solution towards sustainable development goals.

Strategic objective 3: To improve policies and the living conditions of affected populations’ especially vulnerable/minority people (women, youth, children, and indigenous people)
Expected impact 3.1: a Center for Sustainable Development as a monitoring and evaluation mechanism, which welcomes, listens, advises, guides, shapes and disseminates good practices throughout the world, as well as carries out studies, analyzes and produces statistics on the results of projects created and implemented by young people within the framework of the SDGs
Expected impact 3.2: Countries policies are improved
Expected impact 3.3: The livelihoods of people especially vulnerable/minority people (women, youth, children, and indigenous people) areas are improved and diversified

IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK

TARGET

  • Youth civil society organizations
  • Young people seeking or expecting self-employment,
  • School-based, under-educated and out-of-school youth who can be supervised to set up a project
  • Young people seeking professional experience in voluntary status
  • Young people with disabilities and vulnerable in their pursuit of socio-professional integration
  • Street youth workers
  • Youth of the Diaspora
  • Sectoral ministries
  • International institutions
  • Corporate citizens
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ACTION PROGRAM ON PREVENTING AND COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM (PACEV)

INTRODUCTION

The drivers and enablers of violent extremism are multiple, complex. They defy easy analysis and our understanding of the phenomenon remains incomplete. Recent attacks such as the one conducted at Garissa University in Kenya, where 147 people, mostly students, were killed; confront us with the problematic nature of many of our common assumptions: one of the main attackers, a successful lawyer from a wealthy family was not necessarily “marginalized” or “poor”. Furthermore, while we understand that youth grievances, alienation and poor governance play a significant role in violent extremism motivated by religion, we do not know why such youth do not opt for non-violent. Lastly, while we are certain that context matters, we do not know why two children raised in the same family, who experience similar socio-economic foundations and have similar levels of education and communal integration might take dramatically different paths.

Despite these gaps and uncertainties, we can identify common processes, drivers and enablers that operate at individual, group, and community, national, regional and global levels. However, ‘when-

Programme Values

The values of this program can be summarized in the following four (5) points:

  • Respect for human rights and the rights of indigenous peoples
  • Gender equality
  • Cooperation, partnership and solidarity
  • Good governance
  • Youth Participation and Inclusion

Programme Vision

Africa is a secured continent with an economic growth and improved living conditions thanks to multi-actors implication and collaboration (including vulnerable and marginalized people) in development of strengthened responses to mitigate the growth of violent extremism consistent with the 2030 agenda on sustainable development.

why-and-how’ these diverse constellations converge to produce violent extremism requires deeper context-specific analysis.
First, at the individual level, susceptibility to powerful messaging, narratives and imagery via social media networks and person-to-person channels has been highlighted by several researchers as being particularly significant in the context of violent extremism. The predisposition to adopt new or adapted value systems and world views focused on, for example, “us” versus “them” narratives, the singularity of claims and the desire to restore Islam to an ancient utopia is however dependent both on the psychological make-up of the individual in question and the extent to which other factors at the group, community, national and international levels have increased his/her vulnerability to processes associated with violent extremism.

At this level, an understanding of radicalization as a dynamic process is paramount. However, such processes are nonlinear and the “tipping point” at which violence becomes perceived as an acceptable, necessary or even desirable means to express one’s radical viewpoint and achieve one’s goals is not fully understood. At the group level, the family is a fundamental unit for understanding violent extremism, but not the only one. The vulnerability of youth appears to be increasing, in part as a result of weak family cohesion and the absence of critical family support. In societies already affected by conflict and fragility, vulnerability may be enhanced as a result of an absent father who may be active in the conflict or seeking employment opportunities abroad.

The family unit aside, peer groups – on and offline – can also play a critical role in preventing or facilitating processes associated with violent extremism. Recruiters, especially, play a key role in seeking out vulnerable youth, and providing them with new identities and/or serving as potential father-figures.
Lastly, at the group level, youth often have no access to extra-curricular activities such as sports and other hobbies or access to role models and mentors that can help to enhance social cohesion. At the level of the community, several formal and informal institutions and dynamics play critical roles. First, religious institutions are particularly keys. Imams, mosques and madrassas may be insufficiently prepared to play the effective guidance role that may be required of them, especially when internal institutional governance mechanisms are weak or lacking. In such instances, religious institutions become easy targets for recruiters, takeover by extremist groups and for the propagation of extremist-related messaging.
However, as there is little quality control over the curriculum, mosques and madrassas have free reign to teach and preach what they choose. As a result, religious institutions become easy targets for the proliferation of extremist ideologies. Second, many communities feel excluded from political structures and processes due to the absence of State-society platforms and suffer from l

The manner, in which the responsibilities of the State are/are not executed, can be a significant driver of violent extremism, especially when combined with several of the other elements already discussed. The weak capacity of the State combined with high levels of corruption, unaccountable public administration, weak or ineffective judicial systems and security services perceived as serving the political interests of elites rather than protecting the rights of citizens are all actively fueling the rapid growth of radicalization across the African continent.
In some sub-Saharan countries, the inability of the State to provide for basic services and governance mechanisms is creating contested and/or ungoverned spaces. In such instances, religious groups are often stepping in to address the need for services such as healthcare, education and infrastructure. Radicalization that gives rise to violence can appear strongest in those regions where marginalization is combined with a desire for political autonomy, and often a resurgence of patriotic zeal. Evidently, instances of State failure or collapse can provide a haven for extremist groups. Diverse factors conflate at both the regional and transnational levels to foster the conditions that can ignite and sustain the growth of violent extremism in Africa.

As already highlighted, at the trans-national and regional level, porous borders facilitate the trafficking of small arms and light weapons (SALW), people, drugs and goods that are vital for such groups, often blurring the distinction between violent armed groups and trans-national criminal networks. The high levels of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees is further destabilizing the continent, exacerbating the vulnerability of already marginalized populations, and making refugee camps and on-the-move population easy targets for radicalized groups.
At the global level, many factors can fuel violent extremism and three in particular have been highlighted. First, the so-called Arab Spring period provided a catalyst for the rapid growth of violent extremism in Africa. Although the uprising itself evidently did not serve as a catalyst, the response, or lack thereof, of many States across the region to the protests fueled frustration, marginalization and, in some cases, extremism. The situation in Libya, for example, has helped create a wave of insurgencies that are engulfing the sub-region and perpetuating instability.
Many narratives of violent extremists are based on the notion that the international community is failing to defend Muslims and such rhetoric is often used to justify violence against ‘the West’. Second, globalization and the rapid spread of access to media and new technologies appear to be exacerbating the perceptions of relative deprivation and the ever-increasing gap between rich and poor.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED IMPACT

The following “strategic objectives” will guide the actions of ANYL4PSD. Meeting these long-term objectives will contribute to achieving the above-mentioned vision.

Strategic objective 1:  Contribute to the reinforcement of capacity of National institutions (including government, police and criminal justice systems) and communities to enable them to prevent and address violent extremism.

Expected impact 1.1: Target countries (epicenter, spillover and at-risk) have national strategies on preventing and responding to violent extremism in place

Expected impact 1.2:  Criminal justice system in target countries (epicenter, spillover and at-risk) supported to deal with radicalization and violent extremism.

Expected impact 1.3:   Build trust and confidence between law enforcement and communities in target countries (epicenter, spillover and at-risk)

Strategic objective 2: Contribute to the reinforcement of capacity of National institutions (including government, police and criminal justice systems) and communities to enable them to prevent and address violent extremism.

Expected impact 2.1:  Support to transitional/ rehabilitation centres at national levels in epicenter and spillover countries.

Expected impact 2.2:  Community sensitization program developed in epicenter and spillover countries to ensure stigmatization of disengaged members is lowered and communities are more ready to accept them.

Strategic objective 3: Contribute to the improvement of the conditions of at-risk youths and vulnerable people in hot-spot areas so that they benefit from livelihood initiatives.
Expected impact 3.1:  Detailed overview of programming ‘landscape’ in target countries (epicenter, spillover and at-risk) related to youth, skills-building, employment and livelihoods produced.
Expected impact 3.2: New programs created in areas where gaps are identified in target countries (epicenter, spillover and ‘at risk’ countries).

Strategic objective 4:  Contribute to counter violent narratives and extremist propaganda.
Expected impact 4.1: Communities/civil society given a voice through media engagement and partnerships in epicenter and spillover countries.

Expected impact 4.2: Video and radio programs created to use on targeted audiences and for wide dissemination in epicenter and spillover countries.

Expected impact 4.3: Public awareness programs launched to encourage individuals to disengage/not join extremist groups in target countries (epicenter, spillover and at-risk).
Expected impact 4.4: Communities and religious institutions are resilient to the effects of violent extremism (capacity to prevent and respond to violent extremism)

Strategic objective 5:  To mobilize communities and religious institutions to be resilient to the effects of violent extremism (capacity to prevent and respond to violent extremism)
Expected impact 5.1: Governance and capacities of mosques, madrassas and Imams integrated into the prevention/ response initiatives in target countries (epicenter, spillover and at-risk).

Expected impact 5.2: Inter- and intra-religious tensions are lowered in targeted communities in epicenter, spillover and at-risk countries.

Expected impact 5.3: Early-warning system developed in target countries (epicenter, spillover and at-risk).

Strategic objective 6: Contribute to the creation and the functioning of National Observatories capable to analyze violent extremism in countries and provide policy advice.
Expected impact 6.1:  Detailed overview of “programming and political landscape” in epicenter and spillover countries to identify opportunities for establishment of observatories.

Expected impact 6.2: A network of observatories are created/ strengthened in epicenter and spillover countries.

Expected impact 6.3: An annual report analyzing national and regional trends through data collected by the Observatories on the state of radicalization and violent extremism in epicenter and spillover countries is published.

Strategic objective 7: Empower women to play a leading role in prevention and response to violent extremism.

Expected impact 7.1: Women in target countries (epicenter, spillover and at-risk) are empowered to identify early signs of radicalization and capacitated to participate in initiatives at communities/national/regional level such as early-warning, regional and national strategy development/dialogues and community policing.

Expected impact 7.2: Psycho-social support is provided for families and victims in epicenter and spillover countries.

Expected impact 7.3: Women and youth as agents of peace/ peace ambassadors in epicenter and spillover countries

Expected impact 7.4: Enhanced collaboration between African and international research and policy institutes

Expected impact 7.5: Database on research on preventing and responding to violent extremism, created, regularly updated and available.

Strategic objective 8: Strengthen the research and analysis on violent extremism to inform international, regional and national policies 

Expected impact 8.1: Enhanced collaboration between African and international research and policy institutes

Expected impact 8.2: Database on research on preventing and responding to violent extremism, created, regularly updated and available.

Expected impact 8.3: Increased capacity at the regional level to monitor and disseminate information on preventing and responding to violent extremism.

Strategic objective 9: Contribute to the reinforcement of capacity of regional and sub-regional entities to enable them to be coordinated and to prevent and address violent extremism
Expected impact 9.1 Strategies of regional and sub-regional organizations for preventing and responding to the growth of violent extremism updated or developed.

Expected impact 9.2:  Responses to preventing and addressing violent extremism are effectively coordinated through increased shared information and planning.
Expected impact 9.3: Support coordination and training capacity of regional and sub-regional organizations on countering violent extremism.

Strategic Objective 10: To reduce the illicit proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons
expected impact 10.1: regional and international instruments on the fight against illicit proliferation of Small Arms and Low Weapons ratified, internalized and effectively implemented by African States.

Expected impact 10.2: Improved understanding and increased engagement of governments, civil society, NGOs, private sector, vulnerable and marginalized people (including women and youth) of the challenges of illicit proliferation of SALW and the implementation of UNSCR 2250 and 1325.

Expected impact 10.3: Increased collaboration among governments, civil society, NGOs, private sector, vulnerable and marginalized people (including women and youth) in the fight against illicit proliferation of Small Arms and Low Weapons and the implementation of UNSCR 2250 and 1325.

Expected impact 10.4 Strengthened inter-state cooperation in the fight against the financing or supply of armed terrorist groups through advocacy for the establishment of policies at African Union level and at country level to strengthen the marking of outer-manufactured weapons before their entry of African soil, so that they respect the rules of the African conventions on the fight against the illegal proliferation of arms.

Strategic objective 11: Mobilize stakeholders for the eradication of torture and the assistance and rehabilitation of victims

Expected result 11.1: Existing/updated/ operational policies and plans related to issue of torture and ill-treatment (to eradicate them) and issue related to rehabilitation for victims;

Expected result 11.2: Enhanced understanding and capacity of key stakeholders of the process of rehabilitation and assistance of victims of torture.

Expected result 11.3: Victims of torture regardless of their legal status access early to holistic sustainable quality specialized rehabilitation services

Expected result 11.4: Effective, candid long term dialogue and partnership (including experience sharing) between/among civil society, authorities, providers, rehabilitation centers and others key (national and international) stakeholders on the implementation of the right to rehabilitation, in particular with regard to national legislation and practices and training of medical staff

Expected result 11.5: Well established/operational partnerships with both grass-roots initiatives and rehabilitation centres; Operational programs of assistance to victims of torture and trafficking and their families (including specifically women, youth and children);

Expected result 11.6: Rehabilitation providers protected in their human rights defenders work;

Expected result 11.7: Proper procedures and structures for the protection of data and the evaluation of delivery of services by independent evaluators or auditors established and operational.

Strategic Objective 12: Contribute to successful process of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration in affected areas by violent extremism and radicalization Expected impact 12.1: National stakeholders are able to maximize accurate weapons yields (based on the previous assessment; to explore incentives for handing in weapons; to avoid attaching a monetary value to weapons or ammunition; to ensure effective controls on weapons and ammunition registration, storage, management and destruction and to deal with longer-term weapons and ammunition control and reduction issues at both national and local levels (licensing, import/export, trafficking).

Expected impact 12.2: Sound and reliable mechanisms to ensure socio-economic profiles of participants to the DDR and the cantonment or decentralized processing arrangements; to deal with issue of amnesty for crimes and the needs of women and children associated with armed forces/groups , (including dependents); to providing transition assistance (insertion), information and referral services including repatriation, resettlement and transportation options.

Expected impact 12.3: National stakeholders develop (i) sound and reliable mechanism to determine reintegration opportunities and community absorption capacity (ii) relevant and sustainable reintegration programs with adequate facilities for vocational/professional training (iii) mixed reintegration/community development projects including, (iv) collaborative sensitization strategies community bases, (v) mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation. All giving attention to special groups (women and children associated with armed forces and groups, youth, people with disabilities).

Strategic objective 13: To mobilize substantial and additional financial and non-financial resources to support the implementation the implementation of international, regional instruments on peacebuilding, countering violent extremism and countering illicit proliferation of SALW in order to improve population living in targeted areas. 

Expected impact 13.1: Adequate and timely public and private financial resources are further mobilized

Expected impact 13.2: International support is provided for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building and “on-the-ground interventions” in affected country

Expected impact 13.3: The livelihoods and living conditions of especially vulnerable/minority people (women, youth, children, and indigenous people, IDPs, refugees) are improved and diversified

IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK

The program is designed to be implemented at the regional and country level.

o At the regional level the project is intent to support the capacity of the African Union Commission (AUC) and Regional Economic Communities (IGAD, LCBC and ECOWAS) to prevent and respond to violent extremism and proliferation of Small Arms and Law Weapons (SALW). The program will work with these institutions and the regional groups and forces in which they are involved.

o At the country level the program will be implemented more specifically in three categories’ of countries: ‘epicentre countries’ – Mali, Nigeria and Somalia; ‘spill-over countries’- Cameroon, Chad, Kenya, Mauritania and Niger; and, in ‘at-risk’ countries – the Central African Republic, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.
The project focuses on interventions in six key areas: socio-economic; rule of law and security; disengagement and reintegration; media and technology; community resilience and gender-specific initiatives.
Programming in these areas is supported by two cross-cutting initiatives: research, policy and advocacy; and, capacity-building for regional and sub-regional organizations. The program is designed to focus on the immediate and underlying causes of violent extremism including areas which address weak State capacity, poor service delivery, endemic marginalization and poverty, and the lack of coordination at the national and regional level.

INTERNATIONAL YOUTH FAIR ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SIJ)

CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION

In many cities, inequality is increasing and persistent discrimination limits women and girls to have access to opportunities. Hundreds of women have been driven from their homes. Many communities are facing famine, extreme weather events, poorly managed urbanization, early marriage and childbirth, population growth, water scarcity, armed conflict, gender-based violence, ethnic discrimination, religious or political and increasing violent extremism. At the international level, series of historic agreements were concluded in 2015 – the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the UN Climate Change Action Program and Addis Ababa third International Conference on Financing for DevelopmentA Better Future-These efforts were complemented by the peace resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the Security Council (Assembly resolution 70/262 and Council resolution 2282 (2016)), as well as the new way of working in emergency and crisis situations. These comprehensive and interdependent agreements, which transcend the pillars of peace, development and human rights of the United Nations, provide a clear roadmap for Member States (African in particular) and the United Nations system. 

Universal in its coverage, the 2030 Agenda applies to all countries and commits the international community to leave no one behind. The achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals will improve the lives of all, prevent natural and man-made crises and lay a solid foundation for human rights, stability, prosperity and peace in all communities. Addressing DLDD will involve long-term integrated strategies that simultaneously focus on the improved productivity of land and the rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of land and water resources.<br />There is a need for states to develop new capabilities and transform working methods to enable more societal responses. There is a need to respond to all of the development challenges of our time, as set out in the 2030 Agenda. It requires greater accountability, greater transparency and control, and calls for greater coherence at all levels, especially through a reinvigorated resident coordinator system.<br />Conceptually, Global goals ambition requires a &#8220;whole-of-government&#8221; approach. The current development landscape presents an inspiring range of new actors. Powerful national forces, covering all levels: government, civil society, academia, the scientific community and the private sector, from microenterprises to multinationals, need to come together to fight poverty. This reflects the underlying vision of the global partnership in the 2030 Agenda &#8211; where governments, the private sector, civil society and the United Nations work together to mobilize all available resources, which can be a potential asset.<br />But to realize the promise of a prosperous and peaceful future, these development actors have to find new ways to work together and leverage genuine partnerships that make the most of the expertise, technology and resources for growth sustainable and inclusive. 

The rapid evolution of alternative forms of development cooperation, including the intensification of South-South cooperation to achieve the goals. By promising to leave no one behind, the 2030 Agenda calls for multi-stakeholder collaboration among policymakers, development practitioners and multilateral agencies to ensure that everyone is aware of the existence and substance of the program sustainable development agenda and included in the process of its implementation.<br />After having made interviews with young leaders in Cameroon an in some African States like Niger, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Comoros Islands, Senegal, Nigeria, Gabon and Morocco, it appears that young people and children feel themselves not very included by Governments in the implementation of sustainable development agenda. Several initiatives put in place by Governments, remain barely visible and known by young people, whose levels of membership remain relatively weak because they do not have the assurance that their aspirations are sufficiently taken into account. There is not a real discussion among vulnerable people, states, civil society, international organizations and the United Nations agencies on sustainable development agenda.</p></div><div class=”col-md-12″>Sustainable development Agenda has been adopted by Government but is still not known by young people, the private sector and many stakeholders who do not always play their role in the implementation. There are young people (even from vulnerable/minority groups) who are doing a great job towards achieving the sustainable development goals. But their initiatives are still not well- known, not supported by Governments, NGOs and private sector. There are very few opportunities for discussion between youths and other stakeholders on the sustainable development agenda.

Sustainable development Agenda has been adopted by Government but is still not known by young people, the private sector and many stakeholders who do not always play their role in the implementation. There are young people (even from vulnerable/minority groups) who are doing a great job towards achieving the sustainable development goals. But their initiatives are still not well- known, not supported by Governments, NGOs and private sector. There are very few opportunities for discussion between youths and other stakeholders on the sustainable development agenda.

Vision and overall goal

Vision

By 2030, by contributing to the realization of the United Nations vision and the sustainable development agenda, African states have a growing economy and abundant biodiversity in a secure, democratic, peaceful and respectful human rights space for the well-being of the people thanks to the strengthened capacities of the actors, the stakeholders, the communities and to the concerted and participative management “.

Overall Goal 

To enhancing multi-stakeholders (Governments, NGOs, farmers, Scientifics, community, youth and children, women, Indigenous Peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions) participation and involvement in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by reducing ignorance on the 2030 Agenda.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED IMPACT

The following “strategic objectives” will guide the actions of ANYL4PSD by 2030. Meeting these long-term objectives will contribute to achieving the above-mentioned vision.

Strategic objective 1: To increase countries engagement towards sustainable development goals

 

Expected impact1.1: vulnerable people (young, women, refugees…), civil society, private sector, media and Government understanding on sustainable development goals strengthened

Expected impact 1.2: Increased number of peer educators on sustainable development goals, increased number of person sensitized yearly on the challenges of sustainable development agenda;

Expected Impact 1.3: Joint evaluation of the achievement of sustainable development goals by vulnerable people (young, women, refugees…), civil society, private sector, media and Government

Expected Impact 1.4: Governments, civil society, media, private sectors, vulnerable people learn from each other experience and the existing opportunities on sustainable development Goals;

Expected Impact 1.5: Measures to enhance the achievement of sustainable development goals are discussed by vulnerable people (young, women, refugees…), civil society, private sector, media and Governments;

Strategic objective 2: To valorize/encourage the potential and the contribution of young people and communities in the elaboration and the implementation of innovating solution to foster sustainable development agenda. 

Expected Impact 2.1: Increased technological transfer in favor of vulnerable people, especially young, women and indigenous people

Expected Impact 2.2: Increased innovations in all social sectors in favor of sustainable development agenda.

Expected Impact 2.3: vulnerable people awarded for their innovative solution towards sustainable development goals.

Strategic objective 3: To improve policies and the living conditions of affected populations’ especially vulnerable/minority people (women, youth, children, and indigenous people)

Expected impact 3.1: a Center for Sustainable Development as a monitoring and evaluation mechanism, which welcomes, listens, advises, guides, shapes and disseminates good practices throughout the world, as well as carries out studies, analyzes and produces statistics on the results of projects created and implemented by young people within the framework of the SDGs

Expected impact 3.2: Countries policies are improved

Expected impact 3.3: The livelihoods of people especially vulnerable/minority people (women, youth, children, and indigenous people) areas are improved and diversified

IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK

TARGET

The fair targets young people between 15 and 35 years of age, whether Cameroonians or foreigners, in the following categories; Youth organizations, which present their know-how, concrete projects and promoters for the development of their community:

 

  1. Youth civil society organizations
  2. Young people seeking or expecting self-employment,
  3. School-based, under-educated and out-of-school youth who can be supervised to set up a project
  4. Young people seeking professional experience in voluntary status
  5. Young people with disabilities and vulnerable in their pursuit of socio-professional integration
  6. Street youth workers
  7. Youth of the Diaspora
  8. Sectoral ministries
  9. International institutions
  10. Corporate citizens

 

 

PLANNED ACTIVITIES 

Big debates, communication, conferences, workshops 

 

The organization contents major debates in plenary and themes related to Youth, peace and sustainable development, panel discussions with Speakers who have experienced success stories, known figures (young dynamic models of success that will speak to young people of their experiences and good practices). 

 

Miss SIJ Election 

 

Every year, our tradition is to elect a miss who will be an ambassador of the values of our network. 

 

The SDGs Village 

 

Stands are held by young people who exhibit their know-how to the public. More than a dozen themed villages are organized to ease the information of young people and visitors, bringing together stakeholders from different sectors that pursue the same sustainable development objective, in order to better pool actions. Among the selected sectors we have; agriculture, pastoral production, environment and sustainable development, ICT, entrepreneurship and innovation, health, humanitarian services, gender, sport, culture and crafts, tourism, International solidarity, volunteering, etc. 

The thematic villages chosen, and visible in the stands, include:

 

  1. ÞVillage of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (Goals 8 and 9
  2. Agro pastoral Village (Goal 2)
  3. Þ  Digital Village (Goal 8)
  4. Þ Sport, tourism and culture Village  (Goal 8)
  5. Þ  Environment and Sustainable Development Village (Goals 6, 7, 11, 12 and 13)
  6. Þ  Justice, Peace, Security and Human Rights Village (Goals 10 and 16)
  7. Þ  Gender Village (Goal 5)
  8. Þ  Health Village (Goal 3)
  9. Þ  Biodiversity Village  (Goals 14 and 15)
  10. Þ Humanitarian and International Solidarity Village (Goals 1 and 17)Þ

Festival

Animations and shows are organized every evening, as part of the Intercultural Festival of the show with engaged artists, budding musicians, dramas, dances and others.

 

The gala of the fair and guest book

 At the end of the fair, a gala is organized, during which certificates are awarded to the participants, the prizes to the winners, and funds will be collected from the people of good will, elites, and organizations, to support the actions of sustainability in favor of young people. A guestbook is also opened at the beginning of the fair and gathers opinions of visitors.

 

Integrated Program against Desertification, Land Degradation, Drought and for Ecosystem Safeguard in Africa (IP_DLDD_ESA)

The 2006 International Year on Deserts and Desertification provided an opportunity for the international community to better focus on an issue that represents an ongoing and creeping disaster: the loss of soil and fertile land. The International Geneva Symposium organized in April 2006 by Switzerland on the question of desertification, poverty and human rights highlighted the necessity of protecting land and soil to achieve the MDGs and protect human rights. Since then, the latest reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC that projects patterns of natural resources scarcity under scenarios of climate change grimly remind us that handling such issues with benign neglect shall no longer suffice.

Despite real advances in Cameroon and African Countries there has been little progress overall in reducing the number of victims of climate change and desertification leading to several consequences as food and water insecurity, migrations, unemployment and conflicts with negative impact on human health. The number of people suffering from hunger has increased every year since 1996, despite government commitments to halve hunger in international summits for food. Every five seconds, a child under 10 dies from hunger and malnutrition-related diseases.

Half of hungry people therefore depend for their survival on lands which are inherently poor and which may be becoming less fertile and less productive as a result of the impacts of repeated droughts, climate change and unsustainable land use. In Africa as in many regions of Cameroon a lot of productive lands are dryland. An important part of the population is predominantly rural, poor and more frequently subject to food crises. In some part of Cameroon and Africa, the overwhelming majority of the poor live in rural areas and poverty is deepest in the low rainfall areas. Land degradation also causes migration and intensifies conflict over resources, particularly between pastoral and farming communities.

Many of the ongoing conflicts and food crises are the result of the impact of serious drought, desertification and land degradation and rising conflict over deteriorating resources. In arid regions around, as the land becomes as hard as concrete and the wells dry up, thousands of families are forced to leave their villages. Deprived of their lands and their subsistence, families suffer from permanent unemployment, hunger and desperation. It is now estimated that there are thousands of “ecological refugees” or “environmental migrants” in Cameroun and millions in Africa. “Ecological refugees” or “environmental migrants” understood as people who have been forced to flee from their lands as a result of natural disasters, including floods, drought and desertification, and end up struggling to survive in the slums of the world’s megacities.

Desertification is a silent, invisible crisis that is destabilizing communities. As the effects of climate change undermine livelihoods, inter-ethnic clashes are breaking out within and across states and fragile states are turning to militarization to control the situation. The effects of desertification are increasingly felt globally as victims turn into refugees, internally displaced people and forced migrants or they turn to radicalization, extremism or resource-driven wars for survival. Local conflicts over water or land turned into civil wars, sexual violence or genocide

Land degradation in our countries is a problem that affects not only the drylands. About one third of all agricultural land is either highly or moderately degraded. If drylands are more vulnerable to natural and human destruction due to the small water containment in soil.
.

More than 50% of the lands under agriculture are degraded. Millions hectares of productive land become barren each year due to desertification and drought alone. This constitutes a lost opportunity to produce a lot of tons of food. Agricultural yields are falling because of unchanged bad production practices.

Deforestation, chemical pollution and inappropriate land management which is compounded by recurrent severe droughts, lead to declining ground water supplies impacting agriculture, fishing and lead to disasters affecting the most women, youth, children, indigenous people and their communities and their business. Most African countries don’t have a national drought policy.

The Program will contribute to (i) achieving the United Nations Conventions on desertification, climate change, and therefore the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; (ii) improving the living conditions of affected populations; and (iii) enhancing ecosystems services

Deforestation, chemical pollution and inappropriate land management which is compounded by recurrent severe droughts, lead to declining ground water supplies impacting agriculture, fishing and lead to disasters affecting the most women, youth, children, indigenous people and their communities and their business. Most African countries don’t have a national drought policy.

The Program will contribute to (i) achieving the United Nations Conventions on desertification, climate change, and therefore the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; (ii) improving the living conditions of affected populations; and (iii) enhancing ecosystems services.

Program vision

Africa, a continent where land degradation/desertification trends are reversed and the effects of drought and climate variability mitigated, thereby contributing to sustainable development through the improvement of people’s livelihoods and economic well-being and the protection of the environment.

Program Mission

Contribute to the development and implementation of local, national and regional policies, programmes and measures to prevent, control and reverse desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought through scientific and technological excellence, raising public awareness, standard setting, advocacy and resource mobilization, thereby contributing to poverty reduction in Africa.

Program values

The principles and values of the program are defined as such:

  • Human beings in affected or threatened areas are at the center of concerns to combat desertification/land degradation, and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.
  • Desertification/land degradation, drought and Climate Change, are problems of global dimension and joint action is needed to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.

Program values

The principles and values of the program are defined as such:

  • Human beings in affected or threatened areas are at the center of concerns to combat desertification/land degradation, and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.
  • Desertification/land degradation, drought and Climate Change, are problems of global dimension and joint action is needed to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought and climate change.

Program strategic objectives

Strategic objective 1: Improve living conditions of affected population and ensure food security in Africa 

Strategic objective 2:  Improve the condition of affected ecosystems including transboundary and/or shared ecosystems    

Strategic objective 3: Contribute to the establishment of efficient partnerships (in the area of transboundary and/or shared resources management between sub regional, national, local and international partners) speeding up global benefits through the implementation of UNCCD, UNFCC and the Biodiversity Convention at national and sub regional levels.

Program operational objectives: 

Operational objective 1.1: Actively influence relevant international, national and local processes and actors in adequately addressing desertification/land degradation and drought-related issues.

Operational objective 1.2: Efficiently contribute to the integration of DLDD issues in sub-regional and national priorities in Africa and influence the international community, regional and national stakeholders to address DLDD issues more efficiently.

Operational Objective 2: Support the creation of enabling environments for promoting solutions to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought.

Operational objective 3.1: Contribute to become the set-up of sub regional centers on scientific and technical knowledge pertaining to desertification/land degradation and mitigation of the effects of drought.

Operational objective 3.2: Strengthen the scientific foundations of Sustainable Land Management in Africa and establish an efficient system to strengthen capacities for managing DLDD-related knowledge in the sub region.

Operational objective 3.3: Work at creating in the sub region, a general environment conducive to finding sustainable and efficient solutions to combat desertification, land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought.

Operational objective 4.1: Identify and address capacity-building needs to prevent and reverse desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought.   

Operational objective 5.1: Mobilize and improve the targeting and coordination of national, bilateral and multilateral financial and technological resources in order to increase their impact and effectiveness.

Operational objective 5.2: Support financial and technological resources mobilization for the implementation of UNCCD, UNFCC and the Biodiversity Convention

Operational objective 5.3: Support the technical cooperation for the implementation of UNCCD, UNFCC and the Biodiversity Convention.

Program implementation framework

The Integrated Program against Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought and for Ecosystem Safeguard in Africa (IP_DLDD_ESA) is implemented through actions at national or sub-regional levels with the support of partners in accordance with national priorities and in a spirit of international solidarity and partnership including public–private partnerships, and innovative agreements. This program (whose activities consist in advocacy, cartoons, artwork, awareness raising, education, capacity building, design and development of innovative digitalized and automates tools, research and studies) intents:

  • With respect of the Regional Action Programs

Integrated water management

  • To contribute to the improved governance of shared water resources and improved management of water supply through the establishment of functional frameworks and the definition of modalities for the sustainable and fair use and observatory of water resources in the sub region.

Agro-forestry

  • To contribute to the setting of environment friendly strategies and decision making tools and initiatives for the prevention, management and the protection of plants, crops, trees and animals against pests and other pathogens.

Soil conservation

  • To build stakeholders’ capacity and knowledge on integrated soil management and strengthen political support and transparency for sustainable soil and landscape management.

Rangeland management

  • To contribute to the sustainable management of range resources to curb land and vegetation degradation through development and implementation of appropriate strategies for rehabilitation of lost rangeland resources and also by ensuring equitable access and participation of stakeholders in the sustainable development of rangeland resources.
  • To mobilize stakeholders for the achievement of sustainable development and management of rangeland resources for the enhanced biodiversity, optimum productivity and improved livelihoods of the present and future generations.

Ecological monitoring and early warning systems

  • To mobilize and strengthen local and national capacities in the formulation, implementation and monitoring of strategies related to climate information and prevision, prevention and control of disasters, drought and its risks, particularly food insecurity and natural resources degradation.

New and renewable energy sources and technologies

To increase the availability of new and renewable sources of energy and their accessibility by populations for sustainable development;

  • Contribute in the long term of the substitution of fuelwood and charcoal by other sources of energy.

Sustainable agricultural farming systems

  • To contribute to sustainably meeting the food needs of populations, to increase trade in agricultural, agri-food and forest products among Sahelian and coastal countries by achieving economic and social development and reducing poverty in Africa;
  • To contribute to the development of potentials for agricultural and agroforestry production and the improved competitively of production, processing and marketing channels of agricultural products in the sub region.

 

  • With respect to the convergence plans
  • To facilitate the delivery by local stakeholders (local authorities, farmers’ organizations, technical services and service providers) of their responsibilities within the framework of the decentralized management of forest and wildlife resources;
  • To promote the establishment and maintenance of a network of shared and/or transboundary protected areas (parks, reserves) and to develop a better management system;
  • To reduce conflicts related to the use of shared and/or transboundary pastoral resources and develop improved systems to manage these resources;
  • To promote the sound use of the shared and/or transboundary forest heritage ;
  • To preserve and soundly manage sensitive ecosystems resources (mangroves, wetlands and arid zones);
  • To streamline forest policies, laws and regulations, taking into account agro-ecological specificities;
  • To improve the securing and conservation of forest and wildlife resources and the living conditions of populations.

 

  • With regards to youth and women
  • To contribute to the integration of youth’s and women’s economic empowerment in Desertification, Land Degradation, Drought and Climate Change conventions implementation activities in order to eradicate their extreme poverty;
  • To strengthen women’s land rights and access to resources;
  • To enhance youth’s and women’s access to improved knowledge and technologies that relate to effective UNCCD and UNFCC implementation.

 

  • With respect to financial and non-financial resources:
  • To increase mobilization of financial and non-financial resources for the implementation of the Convention from international and domestic, public and private sources as well as from local communities, including non-traditional funding sources, and climate finance;
  • To take advantage of the opportunity to use desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change as a framework to enhance the coherence, effectiveness and multiple benefits of investments;
  • To improve the use of existing and/or innovative financial processes and institutions.
  • With respect to actions on the ground:
  • To support the creation of enabling environments to promoting the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification;
  • To develop scientific and technical knowledge pertaining to issues related desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change;
  • To identify and address capacity-building needs;
  • implement/encourage restoration and rehabilitation practices in order to assist victims;
  • To develop and operationalize risk management, monitoring and early warning systems and safety-net programs, as appropriate;
  • To raise awareness on issues related to desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change; 
  • To influence public policies to cope with issues related to desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change;
  • To establish systems for sharing information and knowledge and facilitate networking on best practices and approaches related to Land Degradation Neutrality;
  • To encourage cooperation to promote sustainable landscape management;
  • Organize training, workshops, seminar, discussion groups over issues related to desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change; 
  • To produce artwork, documentaries, television and radio shows on issues related to desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change;
  • To design and implement integrated projects to address the drivers and the negative consequences  of desertification, drought, land degradation and climate change targeting NGOs, farmers, women,  Scientifics ,community, youth and children, Indigenous Peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions.

OBJECTIVE O: “A TV Show program to strengthen the achievement of 2030 agenda on sustainable development”

 INTRODUCTION

 

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED IMPACT

Despite significant socio-economic growth in recent years, the rise of prosperity and empowerment has not lifted all boats. While the overall proportion of Africans living in poverty is lower than ever, many millions of people still live in extreme poverty.
Desertification/land degradation and drought (DLDD) are challenges of a global dimension. They contribute to and aggravate economic, social and environmental problems such as poverty, poor health, lack of food security, biodiversity loss, water scarcity, reduced resilience to climate change and forced migration. They continue to pose serious challenges to the sustainable development of all countries, particularly affected countries.
In many cities, inequality is increasing and persistent discrimination limits women and girls to have access to opportunities. Hundreds of women have been driven from their homes. Many communities are facing famine, extreme weather events, poorly managed urbanization, early marriage and childbirth, population growth, water scarcity, armed conflict, gender-based violence, ethnic discrimination, religious or political and increasing violent extremism.

At the international level, a series of historic agreements concluded in 2015 – the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the UN Climate Change Action Program and Addis Ababa third International Conference on Financing for Development – A Better Future-. These efforts were complemented by the peace resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the Security Council (Assembly resolution 70/262 and Council resolution 2282 (2016)), as well as the new way of working in emergency and crisis situations. Development challenges related to coexistence These comprehensive and interdependent programs, which transcend the pillars of peace, development and human rights of the United Nations, provide a clear roadmap for Member States (Cameroon in particular) and the United Nations system.
Universal in its coverage, the 2030 Agenda applies to all countries and commits the international community to leave no one behind. The achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals will improve the lives of all, prevent natural and man-made crises and lay a solid foundation for human rights, stability, prosperity and peace in all communities. Addressing DLDD will involve long-term integrated strategies that simultaneously focus on the improved productivity of land and the rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of land and water resources. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) can play a central role in addressing these issues through capacity-building, the sharing of successful experiences, technology transfer, the provision of scientific support, awareness-raising, mobilization of resources and the provision of assistance to countries in implementing policies at national, subregional, regional and international levels.

There is a need for Cameroon and African states to develop new capabilities and transform working methods to enable more societal responses; there is a need to respond to all of the development challenges of our time, as set out in the 2030 Agenda. It requires greater accountability, greater transparency and control, and calls for greater coherence at all levels, especially through a reinvigorated resident coordinator system.
Eradicate poverty, reduce inequalities and end exclusion become a necessity. Strengthening state institutions so that they can effectively deliver services to people is key to helping create decent jobs and entrepreneurship opportunities, especially for young people, and increasing women’s participation. to the labor market, thus enabling people to better manage their future. By addressing the root causes of crises, it is possible to prevent the fraying of the social fabric and consolidate the foundations for peace, prosperity and inclusive societies. Sustainable development builds resilience and supports peace, and sustainable peace enables sustainable development.

The 2030 Agenda represents a paradigm shift, with multiple implications for international cooperation for sustainable development. It aims to complete the unfinished business of the Millennium Development Goals and transform economies and patterns of consumption and production, while protecting the environment and the dignity and rights of all people around the world. It reaffirms the importance of effective institutions, adequate funding and partnerships to achieve sustainable development. The 2030 Agenda, with the transformation it seeks, has important implications for governments, the United Nations and all stakeholders in sustainable development.
Conceptually, Global goals ambition requires a « whole-of-government » approach. The current development landscape presents an inspiring range of new actors. Powerful national forces, covering all levels: government, civil society, academia, the scientific community and the private sector, from microenterprises to multinationals, need to come together to fight poverty. This reflects the underlying vision of the global partnership in the 2030 Agenda – where governments, the private sector, civil society and the United Nations work together to mobilize all available resources, which can be a potential asset. But to realize the promise of a prosperous and peaceful future, these development actors have to find new ways to work together and leverage genuine partnerships that make the most of the expertise, technology and resources for growth sustainable and inclusive. The rapid evolution of alternative forms of development cooperation, including the intensification of South-South cooperation to achieve the goals.

By promising to leave no one behind, the 2030 Agenda calls for multi-stakeholder collaboration among policymakers, development practitioners and multilateral agencies to ensure that everyone is aware of the existence and substance of the program sustainable development agenda and included in the process of its implementation.
The problem is that millions of Cameroonians and Africans are left behind when talking about Sustainable Development Goals. NGOs, farmers, women, Scientifics ,community, youth and children, Indigenous Peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions do not know the ins and outs of the Sustainable Development Goals. They don’t know the role they play for materialization of the 2030 agenda.

VISION AND OVERALL GOAL OF OBJECTIVE O

  • Vision

In 2030, by contributing to the realization of the United Nations vision and the sustainable development agenda, African states have a growing economy and abundant biodiversity in a secure, democratic, peaceful and respectful human rights space for the well-being of the people thanks to the strengthened capacities of the actors, the stakeholders, the communities and to the concerted and participative management « .

  • Overall Goal

To enhancing multi-stakeholders (Governments, NGOs, farmers,  Scientifics, community, youth and children, women, Indigenous Peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions) participation and involvement in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by reducing ignorance on the 2030 Agenda.

Strategic objective 1: To improve people understanding on sustainable development goals and their challenges
Expected impact 1.1:Ignorance and misunderstanding of people about Global Goals and their challenges are reduced
Expected Impact 1.2:Measures for sustainable development goals are shared and debated

Strategic objective 2: To increase countries engagement towards sustainable Development Goals
Expected Impact 2.1: Governments, Citizen and companies’ engagement and synergy towards sustainable Development Goals are increased
Expected Impact 2.2: National voluntarily targets concerning Sustainable Development Goals are set by countries, related measures are identified and implemented, necessary monitoring system is established
Expected Impact 2.3: Governments, Citizen especially women, children, youth and other minority groups monitor individually and collectively countries progress in achieving sustainable Development Goals

Strategic objective 3: To improve policies and the living conditions of affected populations’ especially vulnerable/minority people (women, youth, children, and indigenous people)

Expected impact 3.1: Countries policies are improved 
Expected impact 3.2: The livelihoods of people especially vulnerable/minority people (women, youth, children, and indigenous people) areas are improved and diversified
Expected impact 3.3: Local people, especially women and youth, are empowered and participate in decision-making processes in achieving sustainable Development Goals and combatting DLDD  
Expected impact 3.4 Migration forced by desertification and land degradation is substantially reduced.

Strategic objective 4: To mitigate, adapt to, and manage the effects of drought and climate change in order to enhance resilience of vulnerable populations and ecosystems  
Expected impact 4.1 Ecosystems’ vulnerability to drought and climate change is reduced, including through sustainable land and water management practices. 
Expected impact 4.2 Communities’ resilience to drought and climate change is increased.  

Strategic objective 5To generate global environmental and health benefits through effective implementation of United Nations Convention ratified 
Expected impact 5.1 Sustainable land management and the combating of DLDD contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and addressing climate change. 
Expected impact 5.2 Synergies with other multilateral environmental and health agreements and processes are enhanced.

Strategic objective 6: To mobilize substantial and additional financial and non-financial resources to support the implementation of the Convention by building effective partnerships at global and national level  
Expected impact 6.1 Adequate and timely public and private financial resources are further mobilized towards sustainable Development Goals and made available to affected country/areas, including through domestic resource mobilization. 
Expected impact 6.2 International support is provided for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building and “on-the-ground interventions” in affected country to support the implementation of the UNCCD Convention and others united Nations conventions, including through North–South, South– South and triangular cooperation.

IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK

The Program will be implemented through actions at national or sub-regional levels with the support of partners in accordance with national priorities and in a spirit of international solidarity and partnership including public–private partnerships, and innovative agreements. This program (that activities will consist in advocacy, awareness raising, education, capacity building, research and studies) intents:

With respect to financial and non-financial resources:

1. Increase mobilization of financial and non-financial resources for the implementation of sustainable Development Goals from international and domestic, public and private sources as well as from local communities, including non-traditional funding sources, and climate finance;
2. Take advantage of the opportunity to use agenda 2030 as a framework to enhance the coherence, effectiveness and multiple benefits of investments;
3. To improve the use of existing and/or innovative financial processes and institutions;

With respect to policy and planning:

1. influence the Development, implementation, revision and regularly monitoring, as appropriate, national, sub regional and regional action programs and/or plans as effective tools to combat desertification/DLDD, mitigate the effects of drought and to reach sustainable Development goals;
2. influence the establishment of policies and enabling environments for promoting and implementing solutions to combat desertification/land degradation, mitigate the effects of drought, including prevention, relief and recovery and to reach sustainable Development goals;
3. contribute to lever synergies and integrate agenda 2030, while optimizing efficacy and eliminating duplication of efforts, into (i) national plans related to the other multilateral environmental agreements, in particular the other Rio conventions; and (ii) other international commitments as appropriate, within their respective mandates;
4. Mainstream participatory monitoring as appropriate tool into economic, environmental and social policies, with a view to increasing the impact and effectiveness of the implementation of 2030 agenda;
5. influence the establishment of national policies, measures and governance for disaster preparedness and management, including disaster contingency plans;

With respect to actions on the ground:

1. Provide a television platform for exchange, sharing, analysis and advocacy on national and international issues / challenges related to peace and sustainable development;
2. Promote local initiatives that contribute to the achievement of sustainable development objectives.
3. Raise public awareness of the importance of their civic and voluntary involvement in promoting the sustainable development agenda;
4. Highlight bad practices in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals
5. contribute to the creation of enabling environments for promoting solutions contributing to sustainable development goals;
6. Develop scientific and technical knowledge pertaining to sustainable developments goals;
7. Identify and address capacity-building needs to prevent and reverse matters, barriers to sustainable development goals;
8. contribute to the development and Implementation of sustainable development practices;
9. contribute to the implementation of restoration and rehabilitation practices in order to assist with the recovery of good governance and ecosystem functions and services;
10. contribute to the development and operationalization of early warning systems and safety-net programs, as appropriate;
11. Promote alternative livelihoods;
12. Establish systems for sharing information and knowledge and facilitate networking on best practices and approaches for sustainable development.

Panafrican Online University on Sustainable Development (PAoU_SD)

Context

MOOC

Education is a fundamental right and the foundation of progress in all countries. Everyone has the right to education regardless of their skin color, origin and culture. While it is the primary responsibility of States to ensure quality education for all (SDG 4) for children and young people, it is also up to civil society to take initiatives to increase the number of children and young people entitled to quality education.Education one of the keys to development. Successful countries depend on a skilled and educated workforce to face the challenges they face. Desertification, land degradation and drought are among the first environmental challenges facing most African countries. As a consequence of the harmful effect of man on the environment, they have a negative impact on the future of the continent and the planet insofar as they affect mainly young people representing more than 60% of the population and exposed as women to migration, unemployment, epidemics, pandemics, and food insecurity.

The eradication of poverty, the fight against desertification, land degradation and drought and the achievement of sustainable development in the coming decades require us to work hand in hand to support the education of young people to enable the marginalized and excluded from the systems to realize themselves personally, to develop their intrinsic capacities and their potential in the service of their country, their continent and the world.Unconventional education allows individuals, young people and women in particular who have not been able to follow a conventional classical education curriculum, to aspire to healthy, fulfilling, constructive and resilient lives. It helps them to make their voices heard at the community, national and global levels. It opens up new employment and social climbing opportunities. It has a significant impact in many areas of development. It is one of the cornerstones of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Unconventional education as well as conventional education can accelerate progress towards achieving each of the Sustainable Development Goals in a number of ways and help to improve transparency in governance at all levels for the benefit of communities.

The greatest changes are not achieved by solitary actions, but by the resolute collaboration of leaders and communities. Only genuine collaboration can bring real progress in achieving the new global goals of sustainable development. Young people of any background, culture, and social class need to find common ground in their efforts to introduce innovative and sustainable change. The political and financial commitments of countries and donors for education must be secured and renewed in favor of young people to enable them to transform the world to a better place to live. There is an urgent need for closer collaboration among sectors to enable these synergies to develop and take root.The Pan African University Program on Sustainable Development will contribute to (i) achieving the goals of the UN Convention on Desertification and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Vision and Mission

By 2030, by building on Information and Communication Technologies for Education (ICT), the Pan African Online University for Sustainable Development is a significant actor in training on desertification, land degradation, drought and sustainable development contributing significantly to the emergence of a youth class worldwide known as the solution to the challenge the continent and the world face.

The Panafrican Online University on Sustainable Development aims to create, coordinate, finance, share, disseminate and promote educational resources, digital and audiovisual training, objects, content and form which are labeled scientifically, pedagogically and technically for the benefit of young and vulnerable people. Participants and students are/will be trained in the field of desertification, land degradation, drought and sustainable development objectives in initial and continuing education, online and face-to-face.

Objectives

  • Promote access to educational resources to make a significant contribution to the transfer of research results and training in the field of desertification, land degradation, drought and sustainable development in Africa.
  • Promote access to the greatest number of young people and women of resources produced in institutions;
  • Contribute to the development of new educational resources exploitable by the largest number of its members;
  • Generate knowledge and skills by facilitating the exchange of experiences as well as partnerships for co-production and co-exploitation of resources;
  • Contribute to the emergence and structuring of a field and an innovative pedagogy, particularly through the link Training – Research and actions on the themes related to desertification, land degradation, drought and sustainable development in Africa
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